The Racial Politics of Division
Interethnic Struggles for Legitimacy in Multicultural Miami
Published by: Cornell University Press
276 pages, 152.00 x 229.00 mm, 2 charts
- ISBN: 9781501738241
- Published: June 2019
The Racial Politics of Division deconstructs antagonistic discourses that circulated in local Miami media between African Americans, "white" Cubans, and "black" Cubans during the 1980 Mariel Boatlift and the 1994 Balsero Crisis. Monika Gosin challenges exclusionary arguments pitting these groups against one another and depicts instead the nuanced ways in which identities have been constructed, negotiated, rejected, and reclaimed in the context of Miami's historical multiethnic tensions.
Focusing on ideas of "legitimacy," Gosin argues that dominant race-making ideologies of the white establishment regarding "worthy citizenship" and national belonging shape inter-minority conflict as groups negotiate their precarious positioning within the nation. Rejecting oversimplified and divisive racial politics, The Racial Politics of Division portrays the lived experiences of African Americans, white Cubans, and Afro-Cubans as disrupters in the binary frames of worth-citizenship narratives.
Foregrounding the oft-neglected voices of Afro-Cubans, Gosin posits new narratives regarding racial positioning and notions of solidarity in Miami. By looking back to interethnic conflict that foreshadowed current demographic and social trends, she provides us with lessons for current debates surrounding immigration, interethnic relations, and national belonging. Gosin also shows us that despite these new demographic realities, white racial power continues to reproduce itself by requiring complicity of racialized groups in exchange for a tenuous claim on US citizenship.
1. Race Making: Miami and the Nation
2. Marielitos, the Criminalization of Blackness, and Constructions of Worthy Citizenship
3. And Justice for All? Immigration and African American Solidarity
4. Framing the Balsero Crisis: The Racial and Moral Politics of Suffering
5. Afro-Cuban Encounters at the Intersections of Blackness and Latinidad
"The Racial Politics of Division makes an important contribution to social identity research related to race, ethnicity, and immigration."~Choice