China in the Early Bronze Age
Encounters with Asia
Published by: University of Pennsylvania Press, Inc.
320 pages, 152.00 x 229.00 x 0.00 mm, 133 illus.
- ISBN: 9780812239102
- Published: December 2005
One of the great breakthroughs in Chinese studies in the early twentieth century was the archaeological identification of the earliest, fully historical dynasty of kings, the Shang (ca. 1300-1050 B.C.E.). The last fifty years have seen major advances in all areas of Chinese archaeology, but recent studies of the Shang, their ancestors, and their contemporaries have been especially rich. Since the last English-language overview of Shang civilization appeared in 1980, the pace of discovery has quickened. China in the Early Bronze Age: Shang Civilization is the first work in twenty-five years to synthesize current knowledge of the Shang for everyone interested in the origins of Chinese civilization.
China in the Early Bronze Age traces the development of early Bronze Age cultures in North and Northwestern China from about 2000 B.C.E., including the Erlitou culture (often identified with the Xia) and the Erligang culture. Robert L. Thorp introduces major sites, their architectural remains, burials, and material culture, with special attention to jades and bronze. He reviews the many discoveries near Anyang, site of two capitals of the Shang kings. In addition to the topography of these sites, Thorp discusses elite crafts and devotes a chapter to the Shang cult, its divination practices, and its rituals. The volume concludes with a survey of the late Shang world, cultures contemporary with Anyang during the late second millennium B.C.E. Fully documented with references to Chinese archaeological sources and illustrated with more than one hundred line drawings, China in the Early Bronze Age also includes informative sidebars on related topics and suggested readings.
Students of the history and archaeology of early civilizations will find China in the Early Bronze Age the most up-to-date and wide-ranging introduction to its topic now in print. Scholars in Chinese studies will use this work as a handbook and research guide. This volume makes fascinating reading for anyone interested in the formative stages of Chinese culture.
List of Illustrations
A Note on Documentation
—Geographical Setting: Macroregions
—Cultural Setting: The Longshan Age
1. Dawn of the Bronze Age: The Erlitou Culture
—The Erlitou Site
—The Material World: Bronze and Jade
—Contemporary Cultures and Interaction
—The Search for the Xia
2. Foundations of the Bronze Age: The Erligang Culture
—A Network of Sites
—Technologies of Power and Prestige
—Erligang Society: Material Evidence
—Erligang and the Regions
3. The Shang Kings at Anyang
—Exploration of Yinxu
—"Great Settlement Shang"
4. Shang Cult: Divination and Sacrifice
—Ritual Spaces and Sacrifice Ritual
—Bronze Ritual Vessels
—Inscriptions and Social Relations
5. The Late Shang World
—The View from Yinxu
—Exchange Relations: Resources and Products
—Cause and Effect: Debts to Shang
Afterword: The Invention of Chinese Civilization
"Thorp has packed a massive amount of information in a concise and easily accessible way into well organized chapters. . . . This book is clearly the result of many years of intensive research but appears to the reader to be an effortless achievement."—Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies