New World Orders
Violence, Sanction, and Authority in the Colonial Americas
Early American Studies
Published by: University of Pennsylvania Press, Inc.
376 pages, 152.00 x 229.00 x 0.00 mm, 6 illus.
- ISBN: 9780812219227
- Published: November 2007
As the geographic boundaries of early American history have expanded, so too have historians' attempts to explore the comparative dimensions of this history. At the same time, historians have struggled to find a conceptual framework flexible enough to incorporate the sweeping narratives of imperial history and the hidden narratives of social history into a broader, synthetic whole. No such paradigm that captures the two perspectives has yet emerged.
New World Orders addresses these broad conceptual issues by reexamining the relationships among violence, sanction, and authority in the early modern Americas. More specifically, the essays in this volume explore the wide variety of legal and extralegal means—from state-sponsored executions to unsanctioned crowd actions—by which social order was maintained, with a particular emphasis on how extralegal sanctions were defined and used; how such sanctions related to legal forms of maintaining order; and how these patterns of sanction, embedded within other forms of colonialism and culture, created cultural, legal, social, or imperial spaces in the early Americas.
With essays written by senior and junior scholars on the British, Spanish, Dutch, and French colonies, New World Orders presents one of the most comprehensive looks at the sweep of colonization in the Atlantic world. By juxtaposing case studies from Brazil, Venezuela, New York, California, Saint Domingue, and Louisiana with treatments of broader trends in Anglo-America or Spanish America more generally, the volume demonstrates the need to examine the questions of violence, sanction, and authority in hemispheric perspective.
Introduction: The Ordering of Authority in the Colonial Americas
PART I. NARRATING VIOLENCE AND LEGALITY
Introduction to Part I
1. Law's Wilderness: The Discourse of English Colonizing, the Violence of Intrusion, and the Failures of American History
2. Dialogical Encounters in a Space of Death
PART II. AUTHORITY AND INTIMATE VIOLENCE
Introduction to Part II
3. The Authority of Gender: Marital Discord and Social Order in Colonial Quito
4. Private and State Violence Against African Slaves in Lower Louisiana During the French Period, 1699-1769
5. Violence or Sex? Constructions of Rape and Race in Early America
PART III. COLONIAL SPACE AND POWER
Introduction to Part III
6. The Murder of Jacob Rabe: Contesting Dutch Colonial Authority in the Borderlands of Northeastern Brazil
7. Forging Cultures of Resistance on Two Colonial Frontiers: Northwestern Mexico and Eastern Bolivia
8. Sorcery and Sovereignty: Senecas, Citizens, and the Contest for Power and Authority on the Frontiers of the Early American Republic
PART IV. RACE, CITIZENSHIP, AND COLONIAL IDENTITY
Introduction to Part IV
9. Early Modern Spanish Citizenship: Inclusion and Exclusion in the Old and the New World
10. Natural Movements and Dangerous Spectacles: Beatings, Duels, and "Play" in Saint Domingue
—Gene E. Ogle
11. Racial Passing: Informal and Official "Whiteness" in Colonial Spanish America
List of Abbreviations
"Fascinating case studies of how authority was both brutal yet precarious and malleable in the French, Spanish, English, and Dutch empires of the New World."—American Historical Review
"This is an almost ideal anthology for graduate students and scholars still weighing the value of Atlantic-world scholarship. The essays are consistently strong and jargon-free. Editors and authors have produced a crisp, coherent, and readable volume whose case studies and arguments should stimulate discussion on the merits of the connecting themes rather than suffer cannibalization by specialists perusing only contributions from a particular geographic region."—Hispanic American Historical Review
"This wide-ranging collection . . . offers [a] compelling framework to connect the small triumphs and tragedies of daily life in colonial outposts with the grand plans of distant empire builders."—Journal of the Early Republic