There are two major women’s movements in Morocco: the Islamists who hold shari’a as the platform for building a culture of women’s rights, and the feminists who use the United Nations’ framework to amend shari’a law. Between Feminism and Islam shows how the interactions of these movements over the past two decades have transformed the debates, the organization, and the strategies of each other.
In Between Feminism and Islam, Zakia Salime looks at three key movement moments: the 1992 feminist One Million Signature Campaign, the 2000 Islamist mass rally opposing the reform of family law, and the 2003 Casablanca attacks by a group of Islamist radicals. At the core of these moments are disputes over legitimacy, national identity, gender representations, and political negotiations for shaping state gender policies. Located at the intersection of feminism and Islam, these conflicts have led to the Islamization of feminists on the one hand and the feminization of Islamists on the other.
Documenting the synergistic relationship between these movements, Salime reveals how the boundaries of feminism and Islamism have been radically reconfigured. She offers a new conceptual framework for studying social movements, one that allows us to understand how Islamic feminism is influencing global debates on human rights.
Introduction: Struggles over Political Power: Entangled Feminist and Islamist Movements
1. Gender and the Nation State: Family Law, Scholars, Activists, and Dissidents
2. Feminization of the Islamist Movements: The One Million Signature Campaign
3. Reversing the Feminist Gains: The Islamist Mass Rally of 2000
4. Feminism and Islamism Redefined: In Light of the 2003 Terror Attack on Casablanca
5. Subversive Veiling: Beyond the Binary of the Secular and the Religious