For the British Empire and its allies of the Great War, 1917 was a year marked by crises. But here and there glimmers of light pierced the gloom. Soldiers began solving the problems posed by trench warfare. The dominions asserted themselves in the councils of imperial power. And the US finally entered the war. This book examines the British imperial war effort during the most pivotal and dynamic twelve months of the war. Written by internationally recognized historians, its chapters explore military, diplomatic, and domestic aspects of how the empire prosecuted the war. Their rich, nuanced analysis transcends narrow, national viewpoints to provide a multi-faceted perspective of events that laid the groundwork for victory.
Introduction: Turning Points and Tapestries / Douglas E. Delaney and Nikolas Gardner
1 Never Over by Christmas: Meeting the Challenges of Interminable War / William Philpott
2 The Blockade in 1917 / Keith Neilson
3 The Imperial Munitions Board and Merchant Shipbuilding in Canada / Chris Madsen and Michael Moir
4 A Question of Command: GHQ and the Dominions, 1917 / Ian F.W. Beckett
5 The Egyptian Expeditionary Force in 1917 / Jeffrey Grey
6 “The Willing Horse Is Being Worked to Death”: New Zealand’s Manpower Problems and Policies during 1917 / John Crawford
7 The Africanization of British Imperial Forces in the East African Campaign / Tim Stapleton
8 Vimy’s Consequence: The Montreal Anti-Conscription Disturbances, May to September 1917 / Serge Marc Durflinger
9 The British Media and the Image of the Empire in 1917 / Mark Connelly
A Few Concluding Remarks / Douglas E. Delaney and Nikolas Gardner
Selected Bibliography; Contributors; Index
Looking at a disparate variety of regions, crises, and themes in 1917, this fascinating volume examines how seemingly disconnected events overlapped to change the course of the war for Britain and its allies. Written by leading international experts of diplomatic, military, and naval history, Turning Point 1917 sets the benchmark for future comparative analyses.
Kent Fedorowich, Reader in British Imperial History, University of the West of England, Bristol
Turning Point 1917 combines classic military history with studies of social factors and cultural dimensions to look at how events in 1917 marked not only a turning point in the Great War but also in the relationships between Britain and the dominions. This is a very important volume.
Jonathan F.W. Vance, Distinguished University Professor and J.B. Smallman Chair, Department of History, Western University
All of the writings [in Turning Point 1917] are well chosen, and they underscore the fact that there is much more to properly understanding World War I than just focusing on the Western Front … [F]or aficionados of the Great War, Turning Point 1917 is a must-read.
Roger D. Cunningham