This analysis of five exemplary domestic plays—the anonymous Arden of Faversham and A Warning for Fair Women (1590s), Thomas Heywood’s A Woman Killed with Kindness (1607), Thomas Middleton’s Women Beware Women (ca. 1613), and Walter Mountfort’s The Launching of the Mary, or The Seaman’s Honest Wife (1632)—offers a new approach to the emerging ideology of the private and public, or what Ann C. Christensen terms “the tragedy of the separate spheres.” Feminist scholarship has identified the fruitful gaps between theories and practices of household government in early modern Europe, while work on the global Renaissance attends to commercial expansion, cross-cultural encounters, and colonial settlements. Separation Scenes brings these critical concerns together to expose the intimate and disruptive relationships between the domestic culture and business culture of early modern England.
Separation Scenes argues that domestic plays make the absence of husbands for business the subject of tragedy by focusing not on where men traveled but on whom and what they left behind. Elements that critics have rightly associated with domestic tragedy—adultery, sensational murders, and the lavishly articulated operations of domestic life—define this world, which, Christensen argues, was equally shaped by the absence of husbands. Her interpretations of these domestic plays invite us to historicize and further complicate the seemingly universal binary between a feminine “private sphere” and a masculine “public sphere.”
Separation Scenes demonstrates how domestic drama played an active, dynamic, and critical role in deliberating the costs of commercial travel as it disrupted domestic conduct and prompted realignments within the home.
List of Illustrations
Introduction: Absent Husbands and Unpartnered Wives in Early Modern England
1. Housekeeping and Forlorn Travel in Arden of Faversham
2. The Doorstep and the Exchange in A Warning for Fair Women
3. One Man’s Calling in A Woman Killed with Kindness
4. Women, Work, and Windows in Women Beware Women
5. The East India Company and the Domestic Economy in The Launching of the Mary, or The Seaman’s Honest Wife
Epilogue: John and Anne Donne and the Culture of Business
“With one brilliant insight, Separation Scenes demonstrates the entanglement of the global and the domestic in the Elizabethan and Jacobean years. Ann Christensen’s readings of key domestic plays are both entirely fresh and historically true.”—Lena Cowen Orlin, professor of English at Georgetown University, executive director of the Shakespeare Association of America, and author of Locating Privacy in Tudor London
Lena Cowen Orlin
“Thorough, original, and revelatory, Separation Scenes brings to life the domestic drama of early modern England and elegantly illuminates a history of domesticity that includes the labors of women and men within and, crucially, far beyond the thresholds of the home.”—Ariane M. Balizet, associate professor of English at Texas Christian University and author of Blood and Home in Early Modern Drama: Domestic Identity on the Renaissance Stage ?
Ariane M. Balizet
“Ann C. Christensen provides the best and most original study of early modern domestic tragedy to date. . . . Christensen allows us to see with greater clarity how the emergence of the ‘domestic’ is closely entangled with the rise of the ‘global.’ This is an important intervention.”—Jonathan Gil Harris, dean of academic affairs and professor of English at Ashoka University and author of Shakespeare and Literary Theory
Jonathan Gil Harris