The Moralist International analyzes the role of the Russian Orthodox Church and the Russian state in the global culture wars over gender and reproductive rights and religious freedom. It shows how the Russian Orthodox Church in the past thirty years first acquired knowledge about the dynamics, issues, and strategies of Right- Wing Christian groups; how the Moscow Patriarchate has shaped its traditionalist agenda accordingly; and how the close alliance between church and state has turned Russia into a norm entrepreneur for international moral conservativism. Including detailed case studies of the World Congress of Families, anti-abortion activism, and the global homeschooling movement, the book identifies the key factors, causes, and actors of this process. Kristina Stoeckl and Dmitry Uzlaner then develop the concept of conservative aggiornamento to describe Russian traditionalism as the result of conservative religious modernization and the globalization of Christian social conservatism. The Moralist International continues a line of research on the globalization of the culture wars that challenges the widespread perception that it is only progressive actors who use the international human rights regime to achieve their goals by demonstrating that conservative actors do the same. The book offers a new, original perspective that firmly embeds the conservative turn of post-Soviet Russia in the transnational dynamics of the global culture wars.
The Moralist International is available from the publisher on an open-access basis.
Preface | vii Introduction | 1 PART I: LEARNING THE CULTURE WARS 1 Religion: Conservative Aggiornamento and the Globalization of the Culture Wars | 17 2 History: The Sources of Russia’s Traditional-Values Conservatism | 29 3 Intellectual Roots: The Shared Legacy of Pitirim Sorokin | 50 4 Context: The Rise of Traditional-Values Conservatism inside Russia | 66 PART II: DOING THE CULTURE WARS 5 Ambitions: The Russian Orthodox Church and Its Transnational Conservative Alliances | 87 6 Networks: Civil Society and the Rise of the Russian Christian Right | 103 7 Strategies: The Russian Orthodox Anti-Abortion Discourse in a Transnational Context | 126 8 Leadership: Russian Traditional-Values Conservatism and State Diplomacy | 136 Epilogue | 153 Acknowledgments | 157 Bibliography | 159 Index | 193
Kristina Stoeckl is Professor of Sociology in the Department of Political Science at LUISS, Rome. She is the author of several books, including The Russian Orthodox Church and Human Rights, and The Moralist International: Russia in the Global Culture Wars, co-authored with Dmitry Uzlaner.
Dmitry Uzlaner is research fellow at the Moscow School of Social and Economic Sciences, Russia. The most recent of his books are The Postsecular Turn: How to Think about Religion in the Twenty-First Century (in Russian, Izdatel’stvo instituta gaiidara, 2020), The End of Religion? A History of the Theory of Secularization (in Russian, Higher School of Economics Press, 2019), and Contemporary Russian Conservatism: Problems, Paradoxes, and Perspectives (Brill, 2019, co-edited with Mikhail Suslov).
Aristotle Papanikolaou is professor of theology and co-founding director of the Orthodox Christian Studies Center at Fordham University. He is the author and co-editor of a number of books, including The Mystical as Political: Democracy and Non-Radical Orthodoxy (University of Notre Dame Press, 2012).
Ashley M.Purpura is an associate professor of religious studies in the School of Interdisciplinary Studies at Purdue University. She publishes on gender and Orthodoxy, and is the author of God, Hierarchy, and Power: Orthodox Theologies of Authority from Byzantium (2018).