Architecture and Planning in the Early Soviet Union
Published by: Cornell University Press
424 pages, 178.00 x 254.00 x 27.00 mm, 70 b&w halftones, 21 b&w line drawings, 40 maps, 2 charts, 28 color plates
- ISBN: 9781501759192
- Published: February 2022
Spatial Revolution is the first comparative parallel study of Soviet architecture and planning to create a narrative arc across a vast geography. The narrative binds together three critical industrial-residential projects in Baku, Magnitogorsk, and Kharkiv, built during the first fifteen years of the Soviet project and followed attentively worldwide after the collapse of capitalist markets in 1929.
Among the revelations provided by Christina E. Crawford is the degree to which outside experts participated in the construction of the Soviet industrial complex, while facing difficult topographies, near-impossible deadlines, and inchoate theories of socialist space-making.
Crawford describes how early Soviet architecture and planning activities were kinetic and negotiated and how questions about the proper distribution of people and industry under socialism were posed and refined through the construction of brick and mortar, steel and concrete projects, living laboratories that tested alternative spatial models. As a result, Spatial Revolution answers important questions of how the first Soviet industrialization drive was a catalyst for construction of thousands of new enterprises on remote sites across the Eurasian continent, an effort that spread to far-flung sites in other socialist states—and capitalist welfare states—for decades to follow.
Thanks to generous funding from Emory University and its participation in TOME (Toward an Open Monograph Ecosystem), the ebook editions of this book are available as Open Access volumes from Cornell Open (cornellopen.org) and other repositories.
Part I. Oil City: Baku, 1920–1927
1. Socialism Means Housing
2. From Garden Cities to Urban Superblocks
3. A Plan for the Proletariat
Part II. Steel City: Magnitogorsk, 1929–1932
4. The Great Debate
5. Competition and Visions
6. Frankfurt on the Steppe
Part III. Machine City: Kharkiv, 1930–1932
7. From Tractors to Territory
8. Socialist Urbanization through Standardization