Edited by Miguel Gómez, Kyle C. Lincoln and Damian J. Smith
Contributions by Martín Alvira Cabrer, Carlos de Ayala Martinez, Janna Bianchini, Thomas E. Burman, Sam Zeno Conedera, Miguel Gómez, Kyle C. Lincoln, Joseph F. O'Callaghan, Teofilo Ruiz, Miriam Shadis, Damian J. Smith and James J. Todesca
King Alfonso VIII of Castile: Government, Family and War brings together a diverse group of scholars whose work concerns the reign of Alfonso VIII (1158–1215). This was a critical period in the history of the Iberian peninsula, when the conflict between the Christian north and the Moroccan empire of the Almohads was at its most intense, while the political divisions between the five Christian kingdoms reached their high-water mark. From his troubled ascension as a child to his victory at Las Navas de Tolosa near the end of his fifty-seven-year reign, Alfonso VIII and his kingdom were at the epicenter of many of the most dramatic events of the era. Contributors: Martin Alvira Cabrer, Janna Bianchini, Sam Zeno Conedera, S.J., Miguel Dolan Gómez, Carlos de Ayala Martínez, Kyle C. Lincoln, Joseph O’Callaghan, Teofi lo F. Ruiz, Miriam Shadis, Damian J. Smith, James J. Todesca
List of Abbreviations Alfonso VIII: An Introduction
Teofilo F. Ruiz 1. Ideas of Kingship in the Preambles of Alfonso VIII’s Charters
Joseph F. O’Callaghan 2. Selling Castile: Coinage, Propaganda, and Mediterranean Trade in the Age of Alfonso VIII
James J. Todesca 3. The Infantazgo in the Reign of Alfonso VIII
Janna Bianchini 4. “Happier in Daughters than in Sons”: Th e Children of Alfonso VIII of Castile and Leonor Plantagenet
Miriam Shadis 5. A Wall and a Shield: Alfonso VIII and the Military Orders
Sam Zeno Conedera, S.J. 6. Holy War and Crusade during the Reign of Alfonso VIII
Carlos de Ayala Martínez 7. Alfonso VIII and the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa
Miguel Gómez 8. Alfonso VIII and the Papacy
Damian Smith 9. “Si Possides Amicum, in Temptatione Posside”: Alfonso VIII and Peter the Catholic
Martín Alvira Cabrer 10. A Prosopography of the Castilian Episcopate in the Reign of Alfonso VIII
Kyle C. Lincoln 11. Via impugnandi in the Age of Alfonso VIII: Iberian-Christian Kalām and a Latin Triad Revisited
Thomas Burman Acknowledgments List of Contributors Index
Miguel Gómez is Lecturer in History at the University of Dayton, and is finishing a manuscript on the crusade of Las Navas de Tolosa. His articles have appeared in the Anuario de la Historia de la Iglesia, and in 2012 he edited a special volume of the Journal of Medieval Iberian Studies about the campaign of Las Navas de Tolosa.
Kyle C. Lincoln is Visiting Assistant Professor at Kalamazoo College. His articles have appeared in the Anuario de la Historia de la Iglesia and the Revista Chilena de Estudios Medeivales. His doctoral thesis investigated the Church in the Kingdom of Castile during the reign of Alfonso VIII of Castile.
Damian J. Smith is Professor of History at Saint Louis University. His works include Innocent III and the Crown of Aragon (Aldershot, 2004), Crusade, Heresy, and Inquisition in the Lands of the Crown of Aragon (Leiden, 2010), and the English-language translation, with Helena Buff ery, of the Llibre dels Feits of James I of Aragon (Aldershot, 2003).
Martín Alvira Cabrer is Associate Professor in the Department of Medieval History at the Universidad Complutense in Madrid. His works include Las Navas de Tolosa, 1212: Idea, liturgia, y memoria de la batalla (Madrid, 2012) and Muret 1213: La batalla decisiva de la Cruzada contra los Cataros (Barcelona, 2008), as well as the edition of the documents of Peter II of Aragon (6 vols., Zaragoza, 2010).
Carlos de Ayala Martinez holds a chair in Medieval History in the Department of Ancient and Medieval History, Palaeography, and Diplomatic of the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid. He is the author of many monographs, including Las órdenes militares hispáncias en la Edad Media (Madrid, 2003) and Sacerdocio y reino en la España Altomedieval (Madrid, 2008).
Janna Bianchini teaches history at the University of Maryland.
Thomas E. Burman is Distinguished Professor of the Humanities at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville.
Sam Zeno Conedera, S.J., is a Jesuit Scholastic at the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome, a former Visiting Professor in the Department of History at Santa Clara University, and the author of the recent Ecclesiastical Knights from Fordham University Press (2015). His current research investigates the early history of the Society of Jesus.
Joseph F. O'Callaghan is Professor Emeritus of Medieval History at Fordham University and author of numerous books. With The Last Crusade in the West, he concludes the magisterial history begun in his earlier The Gibraltar Crusade: Castile and the Battle for the Strait and Reconquest and Crusade in Medieval Spain, both available from the University of Pennsylvania Press.
Teofilo Ruiz is Distinguished Professor of History at UCLA and, in 2011, was awarded the National Humanities Medal for his work on medieval Spain. He is the author of numerous volumes and studies, including From Heaven to Earth: The Reordering of Castilian Society, 1150‒1350 (Princeton, 2004) Spain’s Centuries of Crisis: 1300‒1474 (Oxford, 2007), and A King Travels (Princeton, 2012).
Miriam Shadis is Associate Professor of History at Ohio University, and the author of the recent Berenguela of Castile (1180‒1246) and Her Family: Political Women in the High Middle Ages (New York, 2009) and her articles have appeared in journals such as History Compass and the Journal of Medieval Iberian Studies.
James J. Todesca is Associate Professor of History at Armstrong Atlantic State University. His many studies investigate the economic developments of the Kingdom of Castile, and he is author of Forging Castile-León: Lordship, Economy and Culture along a Medieval Frontier and editor of The Emergence of León-Castile: Essays Presented to J. F. O’Callaghan (Farnham, 2015).