Historic Real Estate
Market Morality and the Politics of Preservation in the Early United States
Early American Studies
Published by: University of Pennsylvania Press, Inc.
328 pages, 178.00 x 254.00 x 0.00 mm, 11 color, 31 b/w illus.
- ISBN: 9780812252095
- Published: May 2020
A detailed study of early historical preservation efforts between the 1780s and the 1850s
In Historic Real Estate, Whitney Martinko shows how Americans in the fledgling United States pointed to evidence of the past in the world around them and debated whether, and how, to preserve historic structures as permanent features of the new nation's landscape. From Indigenous mounds in the Ohio Valley to Independence Hall in Philadelphia; from Benjamin Franklin's childhood home in Boston to St. Philip's Episcopal Church in Charleston, South Carolina; from Dutch colonial manors of the Hudson Valley to Henry Clay's Kentucky estate, early advocates of preservation strove not only to place boundaries on competitive real estate markets but also to determine what should not be for sale, how consumers should behave, and how certain types of labor should be valued.
Before historic preservation existed as we know it today, many Americans articulated eclectic and sometimes contradictory definitions of architectural preservation to work out practical strategies for defining the relationship between public good and private profit. In arguing for the preservation of houses of worship and Indigenous earthworks, for example, some invoked the "public interest" of their stewards to strengthen corporate control of these collective spaces. Meanwhile, businessmen and political partisans adopted preservation of commercial sites to create opportunities for, and limits on, individual profit in a growing marketplace of goods. And owners of old houses and ancestral estates developed methods of preservation to reconcile competing demands for the seclusion of, and access to, American homes to shape the ways that capitalism affected family economies. In these ways, individuals harnessed preservation to garner political, economic, and social profit from the performance of public service.
Ultimately, Martinko argues, by portraying the problems of the real estate market as social rather than economic, advocates of preservation affirmed a capitalist system of land development by promising to make it moral.
Introduction. Architecture, Society, and Economy in the Early United States
I. Corporate Properties
Chapter 1. Capital Plans: Ancient Monuments in Public Squares
Chapter 2. Sacred Forms: Public Buildings and Urban Improvements
II. Commercial Sites
Chapter 3. The Business of Preservation: Antiquarian Views and Commercial Enterprise
Chapter 4. Moral Real Estate: Sacred Historic Space and the Politics of Speculation
III. Domestic Spaces
Chapter 5. Civic Housekeeping: Voluntary Associations and Domestic Economy
Chapter 6. Ancestral Estates: Patrimonial Property and Rural Improvement
Epilogue. Rethinking Mount Vernon and Its Legacy
"With skill and great insight, Whitney Martinko reveals the centrality of the architectural past to the nation's capitalist future. By steering the forces of creative destruction away from select structures, nineteenth-century Americans ultimately made it easier to shroud real estate development in the mantle of a public-spirited idealism that persists to the present day. The strength of Martinko's analysis is matched only by the production value of this lavishly illustrated volume."—Seth Rockman, Brown University