Mobility Makes States
Migration and Power in Africa
Published by: University of Pennsylvania Press, Inc.
312 pages, 152.00 x 229.00 x 0.00 mm, 10 illus.
- ISBN: 9780812247114
- Published: May 2015
Human mobility has long played a foundational role in producing state territories, resources, and hierarchies. When people move within and across national boundaries, they create both challenges and opportunities. In Mobility Makes States, chapters written by historians, political scientists, sociologists, and anthropologists explore different patterns of mobility in sub-Saharan Africa and how African states have sought to harness these movements toward their own ends.
While border control and intercontinental migration policies remain important topics of study, Mobility Makes States demonstrates that immigration control is best understood alongside parallel efforts by states in Africa to promote both long-distance and everyday movements. The contributors challenge the image of a fixed and static state that is concerned only with stopping foreign migrants at its border, and show that the politics of mobility takes place across a wide range of locations, including colonial hinterlands, workplaces, camps, foreign countries, and city streets. They examine short-term and circular migrations, everyday commuting and urban expansion, forced migrations, emigrations, diasporic communities, and the mobility of gatekeepers and officers of the state who push and pull migrant populations in different directions. Through the experiences and trajectories of migration in sub-Saharan Africa, this empirically rich volume sheds new light on larger global patterns and state making processes.
Contributors: Eric Allina, Oliver Bakewell, Pamila Gupta, Nauja Kleist, Loren B. Landau, Joel Quirk, Benedetta Rossi, Filipa Ribeiro da Silva, Simon Turner, Darshan Vigneswaran.
Chapter 1. Mobility Makes States
—Joel Quirk and Darshan Vigneswaran
PART I: CHANNELING HUMAN MOBILITY
Chapter 2. Portuguese Empire Building and Human Mobility in São Tomé and Angola, 1400s-1700s
—Filipa Ribeiro da Silva
Chapter 3. "Captive to Civilization": Law, Labor, and Violence in Colonial Mozambique
Chapter 4. Victims, Saviors, and Suspects: Channeling Mobility in Postgenocide Rwanda
Chapter 5. Channeling Mobility Across a Segregated Johannesburg
Chapter 6. Policy Spectacles: Promoting Migration-Development Scenarios in Ghana
PART II. MOVING CONCENTRATIONS OF POWER Power
Chapter 7. Kinetocracy: The Government of Mobility at the Desert's Edge
Chapter 8. Decolonization and (Dis)Possession in Lusophone Africa
Chapter 9. Moving from War to Peace in the Zambia-Angola Borderlands
Chapter 10. Recognition, Solidarity, and the Power of Mobility in Africa's Urban Estuaries
—Loren B. Landau
List of Contributors
"'Mobility makes states, and states make mobility': that is the bold claim made by the editors of this fine volume. Eschewing the tendency to view states solely as agents that prevent mobility, the book focuses on the ways in which states promote and channel human movement for their own purposes. The book reminds us that states may do very different things in different contexts, and that they should not necessarily be judged by a putatively normative European experience. This volume is a major contribution to thinking both about human mobility and about African society and politics that should be read by anyone interested in either."—John Torpey, Graduate Center, City University of New York
"With its theoretically compelling frame, this well-integrated, empirically rich set of essays helps us understand that human mobility is (and has been) not just something states must manage and contain but a key force that shapes (and has shaped) states' most central features. Countering the persistent but misleading image of the state as exercising power over a static and stationary population, this book shows how human mobility shapes, among other things, a state's spatial features, its strategies for accumulating power and managing resources, and the kinds of national and international political, social and economic actors with which it allies. In our era of mind-boggling population displacements, this innovative book offers crucial new tools for thinking about the complex phenomenon of human mobility."—Lidwien Kapteijns, Wellesley College