After Civil War
Division, Reconstruction, and Reconciliation in Contemporary Europe
National and Ethnic Conflict in the 21st Century
Published by: University of Pennsylvania Press, Inc.
312 pages, 152.00 x 229.00 x 0.00 mm, 14 illus.
- ISBN: 9780812246520
- Published: November 2014
Civil war inevitably causes shifts in state boundaries, demographics, systems of rule, and the bases of legitimate authority—many of the markers of national identity. Yet a shared sense of nationhood is as important to political reconciliation as the reconstruction of state institutions and economic security. After Civil War compares reconstruction projects in Bosnia, Cyprus, Finland, Greece, Kosovo, Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland, Spain, and Turkey in order to explore how former combatants and their supporters learn to coexist as one nation in the aftermath of ethnopolitical or ideological violence.
After Civil War synthesizes research on civil wars, reconstruction, and nationalism to show how national identity is reconstructed over time in different cultural and socioeconomic contexts, in strong nation-states as well as those with a high level of international intervention. Chapters written by anthropologists, historians, political scientists, and sociologists examine the relationships between reconstruction and reconciliation, the development of new party systems after war, and how globalization affects the processes of peacebuilding. After Civil War thus provides a comprehensive, comparative perspective to a wide span of recent political history, showing postconflict articulations of national identity can emerge in the long run within conducive institutional contexts.
Contributors: Risto Alapuro, Vesna Bojicic-Dzelilovic, Chares Demetriou, James Hughes, Joost Jongerden, Bill Kissane, Denisa Kostovicova, Michael Richards, Ruth Seifert, Riki van Boeschoten.
PART I. RECONSTRUCTING THE NATION IN INTERWAR EUROPE
Chapter 1. The Legacy of Civil War of 1918 in Finland
Chapter 2. "A Nation Once Again"? Electoral Competition and the Reconstruction of National Identity After the Irish Civil War, 1922-1923
Chapter 3. State, Nation, and Violence in Spanish Civil War Reconstruction
PART II. RECONSTRCTION WITHOUT CONFLICT RESOLUTION
Chapter 4. Enemies of the Nation—A Nation of Enemies: The Long Greek Civil War
—Riki van Boeschoten
Chapter 5. Political Contention and the Reconstruction of Greek Identity in Cyprus, 1960-23
Chapter 6. Under (Re)Construction: The State, the Production of Identity, and the Countryside in the Kurdistan Region in Turkey
PART III. RECONSTRUCTION UNDER EXTERNAL SUPERVISION
Chapter 7. Ethnicity Pays: The Political Economy of Postconflict Nationalism in Bosnia-Herzegovina
—Denisa Kostovicova and Vesna Bojicic-Dzelilovic
Chapter 8. Nationalism and Beyond: Memory and Identity in Postwar Kosovo/Kosova
Chapter 9. Reconstruction Without Reconciliation: Is Northern Ireland a "Model"?
"This important book may well be the first serious comparative study of how European societies reconstruct national identities after civil conflict. The cases, from Ireland and Finland early in the twentieth century to the 1998 peace agreement in Northern Ireland, are varied in their approaches but all interesting and enlightening. The contributors find that in most cases the political system was rebuilt first, while societal reconciliation took many decades—an important lesson for peace processors everywhere."—Stuart Kaufman, University of Delaware