Although Greek and Roman authors wrote ethnographic texts describing foreign cultures, ethnography seems to disappear from Byzantine literature after the seventh century C.E.—a perplexing exception for a culture so strongly self-identified with the Roman empire. Yet the Byzantines, geographically located at the heart of the upheavals that led from the ancient to the modern world, had abundant and sophisticated knowledge of the cultures with which they struggled and bargained. Ethnography After Antiquity examines both the instances and omissions of Byzantine ethnography, exploring the political and religious motivations for writing (or not writing) about other peoples.
Through the ethnographies embedded in classical histories, military manuals, Constantine VII's De administrando imperio, and religious literature, Anthony Kaldellis shows Byzantine authors using accounts of foreign cultures as vehicles to critique their own state or to demonstrate Romano-Christian superiority over Islam. He comes to the startling conclusion that the Byzantines did not view cultural differences through a purely theological prism: their Roman identity, rather than their orthodoxy, was the vital distinction from cultures they considered heretic and barbarian. Filling in the previously unexplained gap between antiquity and the resurgence of ethnography in the late Byzantine period, Ethnography After Antiquity offers new perspective on how Byzantium positioned itself with and against the dramatically shifting world.
Chapter 1. Ethnography in Late Antique Historiography
Chapter 2. Byzantine Information-Gathering Behind the Veil of Silence
Chapter 3. Explaining the Relative Decline of Ethnography in the Middle Period
Chapter 4. The Genres and Politics of Middle Byzantine Ethnography
Chapter 5. Ethnography in Palaiologan Literature
Epilogue: Looking to a New World
List of Abbreviations
Anthony Kaldellis is Professor of Classics at the Ohio State University. He is the author of Procopius of Caesarea, also available from the University of Pennsylvania Press.
"Kaldellis has written a considered, very readable book that is bound to stimulate intellectual debate."
~Teresa Shawcross, English Historical Review
"It is a joy to read a book where the logic of the argument is so clear and so solidly based on the sources. Anthony Kaldellis argues for a new approach to Byzantine identity and self-definition, one that accepts Byzantines' own account of themselves as Romans surrounded by barbarians. The book is a must-read not only for Byzantinists but also for those involved in broader conversations about identity in late antiquity, the Middle Ages, and the early modern period."
~Tia Kolbaba, Rutgers University