Democracy, Citizenship, and Constitutionalism
Published by: University of Pennsylvania Press, Inc.
288 pages, 152.00 x 229.00 x 0.00 mm
- ISBN: 9780812245158
- Published: May 2013
Citizenship has come to mean legal and political equality within a sovereign nation-state; in international law, only states may determine who is and who is not a citizen. But such unitary status is the historical exception: before sovereign nation-states became the prevailing form of political organization, citizenship had a range of definitions and applications. Today, nonstate communities and jurisdictions both below and above the state level are once again becoming important sources of rights, allegiance, and status, thereby constituting renewed forms of multilevel citizenship. For example, while the European Union protects the nation-state's right to determine its own members, the project to construct a democratic polity beyond national borders challenges the sovereignty of member governments.
Multilevel Citizenship disputes the dominant narrative of citizenship as a homogeneous status that can be bestowed only by nation-states. The contributors examine past and present case studies that complicate the meaning and function of citizenship, including residual allegiance to empires, constitutional rights that are accessible to noncitizens, and the nonstate allegiance of nomadic nations. Their analyses consider the inconsistencies and exceptions of national citizenship as a political concept, such as overlapping jurisdictions and shared governance, as well as the emergent forms of sub- or supranational citizenships. Multilevel Citizenship captures the complexity of citizenship in practice, both at different levels and in different places and times.
Contributors: Elizabeth F. Cohen, Elizabeth Dale, Will Hanley, Marc Helbling, Türküler Isiksel, Jenn Kinney, Sheryl Lightfoot, Willem Maas, Catherine Neveu, Luicy Pedroza, Eldar Sarajlić, Rogers M. Smith.
Chapter 1. Varieties of Multilevel Citizenship
PART I. MIGRANTS AND MIGRATIONS
Chapter 2. Denizen Enfranchisement and Flexible Citizenship: National Passports or Local Ballots?
Chapter 3. Attrition through Enforcement in the "Promiseland": Overlapping Memberships and the Duties of Government in Mexican America
—Rogers M. Smith
Chapter 4. Multilevel Citizenship in a Federal State: The Case of Noncitizens' Rights in the United States
—Jenn Kinney and Elizabeth F. Cohen
PART II. EMPIRES AND INDIGENEITY
Chapter 5. When Did Egyptians Stop Being Ottomans? An Imperial Citizenship Case Study
Chapter 6. The Su Bao Case and the Layers of Everyday Citizenship in China, 1894-1904
Chapter 7. The International Indigenous Rights Discourse and Its Demands for Multilevel Citizenship
PART III. LOCAL, MULTINATIONAL, AND POSTNATIONAL
Chapter 8. Local Citizenship Politics in Switzerland: Between National Justice and Municipal Particularities
Chapter 9. Multilevel Citizenship and the Contested Statehood of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Chapter 10. Citizens of a New Agora: Postnational Citizenship and International Economic Institutions
Chapter 11. Sites of Citizenship, Politics of Scales
List of Contributors
"An exceptionally strong volume, well conceived and accessible. Multilevel Citizenship will appeal to citizenship scholars by introducing novel contexts in which to disaggregate the institution."—Peter Spiro, Beasley School of Law, Temple University
"The view that citizenship is a homogeneous, unitary, and singular status is coming to be challenged, but alternative analyses of multilevel citizenship have remained limited. Here, finally, is a collection of first-rate essays that explore nested and overlapping citizenship constellations across a wide range of historical and geographic contexts."—Rainer Bauböck, European University Institute
"Multilevel Citizenship presents the best new critical studies of citizenship that are deconstructing the homogeneous and coherent image of the figure of both the nation and the citizen. From indigenous peoples to previously Ottoman Egyptians and from Mexican America to Bosnia and Herzegovina, it illustrates—in vivid and crisp writing—how the sites and scales of citizenship have always been multilevel, perhaps more so in the era of accelerated migrations and intensified communications."—Engin Isin, The Open University