Human Rights NGOs in East Africa
Political and Normative Tensions
Pennsylvania Studies in Human Rights
Published by: University of Pennsylvania Press, Inc.
400 pages, 152.00 x 229.00 x 0.00 mm, 1 illus.
- ISBN: 9780812241129
- Published: December 2008
Human rights nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) are by definition not part of the state. Rather, they are an element of civil society, the strands of the fabric of organized life in countries, and crucial to the prospect of political democracy. Civil society is a very recent phenomenon in East African nations, where authoritarian regimes have prevailed and human rights watchdogs have had a critical role to play. While the state remains one of the major challenges to human rights efforts in the countries of the region, other problems that are internal to the human rights movement are also of a serious nature, and they are many: What are the social bases of the human rights enterprise in transitional societies? What mandate can human rights NGOs claim, and in whose name do they operate?
Human Rights NGOs in East Africa critically explores the anatomy of the human rights movement in the East African region, examining its origins, challenges, and emergent themes in the context of political transitions. In particular, the book seeks to understand the political and normative challenges that face this young but vibrant civil society in the vortex of globalization. The book brings together the most celebrated human rights thinkers in East Africa, enriched by contributions from their colleagues in South Africa and the United States.
To date, very little has been written about the struggles and accomplishments of civil society in the nations of East Africa. This book will fill that gap and prove to be an invaluable tool for understanding and teaching about human rights in this complex and vital part of the world.
PART I. DEFINING CHALLENGES TO CIVIL SOCIETY IN EAST AFRICA
Chapter 1. Human Rights NGOs in East Africa: Defining the Challenges
Chapter 2. To Whom, for What, and About What? The Legitimacy of Human Rights NGOs in Kenya
—Betty K. Murungi
PART II. INTERROGATING NGO MANDATES: GENDER, SEXUALITY, AND ESC RIGHTS
Chapter 3. Law, Sexuality, and Politics in Uganda: Challenges for Women's Human Rights NGOs
Chapter 4. NGO Struggles for Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights in UTAKE: A Ugandan Perspective
Chapter 5. Feminist Masculinity: Advocacy for Gender Equality and Equity
Chapter 6. Women's Advocacy: Engendering and Reconstituting the Kenyan State
—Jacinta K. Muteshi
PART III: DONORS AND GRANTEES: CONVERGENCES AND DIVERGENCES
Chapter 7. Donors and Human Rights NGOs in East Africa: Challenges and Opportunities
Chapter 8. Contradictions in Neoliberalism: Donors, Human Rights NGOs, and Governance in Kenya
PART IV STATE/CIVIL SOCIETY RELATIONS
Chapter 9. State and Civil Society Relations: Constructing Human Rights Groups for Social Change
Chapter 10. Governance and Democracy in Kenya: Challenges for Human Rights NGOs
—J. Wanjiku Miano
PART V. NGO INSTITUTIONAL CASE STUDIES
Chapter 11. The African Women's Development and Communication Network: Pan-African Organizing in Human Rights
—L. Muthoni Wanyeki
Chapter 12. Social Transformation in Uganda: A Study of Grassroots NGOs
—Dani W. Nabudere
PART VI. SOUTH/SOUTH AND SOUTH/NORTH NGO RELATIONS
Chapter 13. The Death Penalty in East Africa: Law and Transnational Advocacy
—Margaret A. Burnham
Chapter 14. Democracy Organizations in Political Transitions: IDASA and the New South Africa
—Shaila Gupta and Alycia Kellman
Conclusion: Coming of Age: NGOs and State Accountability in East Africa
—Chris Maina Peter
List of Contributors