Discipline and Salvation in Shenoute of Atripe
Divinations: Rereading Late Ancient Religion
Published by: University of Pennsylvania Press, Inc.
248 pages, 152.00 x 229.00 x 0.00 mm, 5 illus.
- ISBN: 9780812239904
- Published: April 2007
Shenoute of Atripe led the White Monastery, a community of several thousand male and female Coptic monks in Upper Egypt, between approximately 395 and 465 C.E. Shenoute's letters, sermons, and treatises—one of the most detailed bodies of writing to survive from any early monastery—provide an unparalleled resource for the study of early Christian monasticism and asceticism.
In Monastic Bodies, Caroline Schroeder offers an in-depth examination of the asceticism practiced at the White Monastery using diverse sources, including monastic rules, theological treatises, sermons, and material culture. Schroeder details Shenoute's arduous disciplinary code and philosophical structure, including the belief that individual sin corrupted not only the individual body but the entire "corporate body" of the community. Thus the purity of the community ultimately depended upon the integrity of each individual monk.
Shenoute's ascetic discourse focused on purity of the body, but he categorized as impure not only activities such as sex but any disobedience and other more general transgressions. Shenoute emphasized the important practices of discipline, or askesis, in achieving this purity. Contextualizing Shenoute within the wider debates about asceticism, sexuality, and heresy that characterized late antiquity, Schroeder compares his views on bodily discipline, monastic punishments, the resurrection of the body, the incarnation of Christ, and monastic authority with those of figures such as Cyril of Alexandria, Paulinus of Nola, and Pachomius.
Introduction: Shenoute in the Landscape of Early Christian Asceticism
Chapter 1. Bodily Discipline and Monastic Authority: Shenoute's Earliest Letters to the Monastery
Chapter 2. The Ritualization of the Monastic Body: Shenoute's Rules
Chapter 3. The Church Building as Symbol of Ascetic Renunciation
Chapter 4. Defending the Sanctity of the Body: Shenoute on the Resurrection
List of Abbreviations
"Caroline Schroeder presents the first analysis of the ascetic ideology of one of the most important figures in early Egyptian monasticism, Shenoute of Atripe."—David Brakke, Indiana University
"This remarkable study focuses on the leadership style . . . developed by Shenoute of Atripe, the third leader of the elaborate complexes for men and women monastics established in the mid-fourth century in Upper Egypt."—Journal of Religion
"Schroeder has made a valuable contribution to the study of Shenoute and early monasticism by clearly showing how his concept of interrelated monastic bodies drives ascetic practice, and the book is a good introduction to his thought. But there is more to be learned from a careful reading of these texts, and this depends on forthcoming critical editions and improved translations."—Church History