Charles Brockden Brown's Revolution and the Birth of American Gothic
Published by: University of Pennsylvania Press, Inc.
272 pages, 155.00 x 235.00 x 0.00 mm, 11 illus.
- ISBN: 9780812237863
- Published: April 2004
In 1798, a decade after the Founding Fathers created a nation based on the principles of liberty and equality, Charles Brockden Brown, then an unknown Philadelphia writer, invented the American Gothic novel. His first book, Wieland, is the story of a religious fanatic haunted by demonic voices instructing him to murder his wife and children; in subsequent works, a young country bumpkin confronts the depravities of city existence, an impecunious daughter becomes the erotic obsession of an insane egomaniacal rationalist, and a sleepwalker awakes to—and participates in—the extremes of frontier savagery. How could a glorious age of American history also give rise to the darkest of literary traditions, one that would inspire Edgar Allan Poe, Stephen King, and many other best-selling American writers?
In Charles Brockden Brown's Revolution and the Birth of American Gothic, Peter Kafer carefully unravels the mystery of what compelled this pious Philadelphia Quaker to become fascinated with a peculiar form of dark European imagery and transform it into something wholly American. In the new nation, Kafer notes, there were no ancient monasteries, no haunted castles, no hierarchies of nobility to draw upon. Taking inspiration instead from his pacifist family's persecution at the hands of the American Revolutionaries, including the likes of Alexander Hamilton and John Adams, as well as from perverse expressions of European-American Protestantism and the suppressed histories of his native Pennsylvania, Brockden Brown wrote of the horrors that lurked below the triumphant veneer of the young American republic. In doing so, he became the literary conscience of his generation.
Written with a witty and acutely critical eye, Charles Brockden Brown's Revolution and the Birth of American Gothic illuminates the social and political influences on the nation's first professional novelist and reveals the surprising origins of one of American literature's most popular and enduring genres.
Prologue: Philadelphia, Summer 1777-Summer 1778: "the Horrors of the night"
PART I: FACTS AND FICTIONS, 1650-1798
Chapter 1: Children of the Light, 1650s-1777
Chapter 2: From Terror to Terror to Terror, 1777-1793
Chapter 3: Revolutionary Reverberations, 1793-1798
Interlude: Philadelphia, 1795-1799: "renderings in the bowels of nations"
PART II: FICTIONS AND FACTS, 1798-1800
Chapter 4: Sins of Fathers
Chapter 5: The Anti-Godwin
Chapter 6: The Return of the Present and Past
PART III: A LIE, 1800-1804
Conclusion: Charles Brown, American
Epilogue: Brockden Brown and the American Gothic Tradition
"This excellent biography of unique and challenging American writer provides a solid historical analysis of the American Revolution and the development of Brown's 'Gothic' tales."—Choice
"This is the most interesting book that I have read on Charles Brockden Brown. It has a lively style, a nice touch, and an engaging perspective on the man and his work."—Thomas P. Slaughter, author of The Natures of John and William Bartram