Women in Israel
A State of Their Own
Pennsylvania Studies in Human Rights
Published by: University of Pennsylvania Press, Inc.
376 pages, 152.00 x 229.00 x 0.00 mm, 3 illus.
- ISBN: 9780812237528
- Published: January 2004
When Israel declared its independence in 1948, it vowed to ensure equality for all citizens, regardless of religion, race, or gender. History shows, however, that this promise has been broken in the case of women, who generally live under circumstances significantly worse than those of men. Women in Israel is the first comprehensive overview of discrimination in a state dominated by a patriarchal religious order, and brings fresh insights to the efficacy of the law in improving the status of women. Providing a sociolegal perspective on women in Israel viewed, Ruth Halperin-Kaddari examines all aspects of Israeli women's lives, looking at legal issues such as affirmative action, motherhood and the workplace, and mechanisms for the advancement of women, as well as conditions of education, employment, health, family, and prostitution.
While tracing legislative evolution in Israel, Halperin-Kaddari discusses the extent to which law can create social change. Because of its unique position as an economically developed democracy and yet a state where government tries to maintain a special cultural tradition and religious identity in a heterogeneous society, Israel has failed to adopt a single national standard for women that would bring Israeli law into compliance with international human rights. Halperin-Kaddari concludes that the improvement in women's status has not been due to egalitarian consciousness, but rather is incidental to Israel's overall socioeconomic advancement.
PART I. THE LEGAL STAGE
Chapter 1. Introduction
Chapter 2. Gender Equality in the Israeli Legal System
Chapter 3. The Promotion of Gender Equality
PART II. PROGRESS AND THE LIMITS OF LAW
Chapter 4. Women and Health Care
Chapter 5. Education
Chapter 6. The Welfare State
Chapter 7. The Work Women Do
Chapter 8. Political and Public Life
PART III. POWER POLITICS, BODY POLITICS, AND RADICAL FEMINISM
Chapter 9. Violence Against Women
Chapter 10. The Exploitation of Women
Chapter 11. The Halachic Trap: Marriage and Family Life
Chapter 12. Multiple Voices
"A very important work on the legal context of gender and women's issues in Israel. Encyclopedic in scope and concisely written and well supported, the facts and details about women's statuses and roles depict a typically patriarchal society. . . . Extremely valuable for nonprofessionals seeking a broad overview on women in Israel, professionals and scholars will find much of value here."—Choice