In the past two decades, Québec has been racked by a series of controversies in which the religiosity of migrants and other minorities has been represented as a threat to the province’s once staunchly Catholic, and now resolutely secular, identity. In Moments of Crisis, Ian Morrison locates these controversies and debates within a long history of crises within – and transformations of – Québécois identity, from the Conquest of New France in 1760 to contemporary times. He argues that national identity, like all identities, is unstable and prone to moments of crisis. It is in these moments that the nation is articulated and rearticulated, reinforced, and ultimately reproduced. Morrison also argues that, rather than seeking to overcome current controversies by reconsolidating national identity, Québec should look on moments of crisis as opportunities to forge alternative conceptions of community, identity, and belonging.
1 National Identity, Contingency, and Durability: Historicizing the Nation
2 The Rise of Clerico-Nationalism: Modernity, Assimilation, and Survivance
3 The Quiet Revolution and the State-Centred Nation: Immaturity, Abnormality, Autonomy, and Authenticity
4 The Construction of the Secular Québécois Citizen and the Problem of the Religious Subject
5 Migration and the Crisis of Identity: From the Hérouxville Code to the Charter of Québécois Values
Ian A. Morrison is an assistant professor of sociology at the American University in Cairo.