A Grammar of Mam, A Mayan Language
Texas Linguistics Series
Published by: University of Texas Press
366 pages, 152.00 x 229.00 mm
- ISBN: 9780292729278
- Published: March 1983
This is the first full-length reference grammar of Mam, a Mayan language spoken today by over 400,000 people in the western highlands of Guatemala and the state of Chiapas, Mexico. The result of over three years of extensive fieldwork in Guatemala, A Grammar of Mam, a Mayan Language is based on the dialect of Mam spoken by 12,000 people in San Ildefonso Ixtahuacan in the department of Huehuetenango, Guatemala. England organizes A Grammar of Mam according to two complementary principles: to analyze Mam following basically traditional levels of grammatical description and to present material in such a way that the background information necessary for understanding each topic of discussion shall have been previously provided. Accordingly, England's analysis of the sound system and morphophonemic processes of Mam is followed by a description of the characteristics of root, inflectional, and derivational morphology. Chapters on phrase structure precede two chapters on sentence-level syntax. A Grammar of Mam is of particular interest in analyzing a Mayan language that is both syntactically and morphologically ergative and that is innovative in the direction of strengthening the ergative system. Indeed at all levels of linguistic organization Mam is innovative, and for this reason it is uniquely interesting both historically and theoretically.
Abbreviations Used in the ExamplesIntroductionThe Language and PeopleResearchPersonnelPrevious StudiesOverview of the Grammar1. PhonologyPhonemic InventoryPhonemic DescriptionSummary of Phonological ProcessesStressThe SyllableJunctureNotes2. MorphophonemicsVowelsGlottalsNasal Alternation3. Roots and WordsVerbsNounsNon-Verbal PredicatesSummary of InflectionPositionalsAdjectivesAffect WordsMeasure WordsParticlesCanonical Shape of RootsNotes4. Stem FormationVerb StemsNoun StemsThe Infinitive StemAdjective StemsAffect StemsMeasure StemsDerived Adverbial StemsStem Formation Through Vowel Length and Glottal Stop AdditionReview of DerivationNotes5. The Noun PhraseThe Structure of the Noun PhraseDefinitenessRelational Noun PhrasesPronominalization6. The Verb PhraseAspectPersonDirectionalsModeVerb StemStructure of the Verb Phrase7. Sentence FormationVerbal SentencesNon-Verbal SentencesNegationQuestion FormationCoordinationNotes8. Complex SentencesDependent Person MarkingDependent Aspect MarkingRelative ClausesComplement ClausesSyntactic CliticsNotesAppendix I. Vowel Disharmonic SuffixesAppendix II. Exceptions to Morphophonemic RulesAppendix III. TextBibliographyIndex