In this timely book, an interdisciplinary group of scholars investigates the recent resurfacing of White Christian nationalism and racism in populist movements across the globe.
Religion, Populism, and Modernity examines the recent rise of White Christian nationalism in Europe and the United States, focusing on how right-wing populist leaders and groups have mobilized racist and xenophobic rhetoric in their bids for political power. As the contributors to this volume show, this mobilization is deeply rooted in the broader structures of western modernity and as such requires an intersectional analysis that considers race, gender, ethnicity, nationalism, and religion together. The contributors explore a number of case studies, including White nationalism in the United States among both evangelicals and Catholics, anti- and philosemitism in Poland, the Far Right party Alternative for Germany, Islamophobia in Norway and France, and the entanglement of climate change opposition in right-wing parties throughout Europe. By extending the scope of these essays beyond Trump and Brexit, the contributors remind us that these two events are not exceptions to the rule of the normal functioning of liberal democracies. Rather, they are in fact but recent examples of long-standing trends in Europe and the United States. As the editors to the volume contend, confronting these issues requires that we not only unearth their historical precedents but also imagine futures that point to new ways of being beyond them.
Contributors: Atalia Omer, Joshua Lupo, Philip Gorski, Jason A. Springs, R. Scott Appleby, Richard Amesbury, Geneviève Zubrzycki, Yolande Jansen, Jasmijn Leeuwenkamp, Sindre Bangstad, and Ebrahim Moosa.
Introduction to Meditations on Religion, Populism and Modernity: The Cultural Logic of White Christian Nationalisms by Atalia Omer and Joshua Lupo
1. Religious Nationalism and Right-Wing Populism: Trumpism and Beyond by Philip Gorski
2. Zombie Nationalism: The Sexual Politics of White Evangelical Christian Nihilism by Jason A. Springs
3. Re-Narrating the Past: The Case of ‘Modern’ ‘White’ ‘American’ Catholics by Scott Appleby
4. Constructing ‘Religion,’ Performing ‘The People’: Political Theology and the Paradox of Popular Sovereignty by Richard Amesbury
5. Anti/Philosemitism, Religion, and the Logic of Ethnic Nationalism in Poland by Geneviève Zubrzycki
6. The Pull to the Right of the Right, Religion, and the Ecological Crisis: Evaluating a Religio-Secular Perspective through a Reading of Bruno Latour’s Late Work by Yolande Jansen and Jasmijn Leeuwenkamp
7. Which Populism, Which Christianity? by Sindre Bangstad
8. Going Rogue on Islam: Derrida’s Muslim Hauntology & Nationalism’s Specters by Ebrahim Moosa
Atalia Omer is professor of religion, conflict, and peace studies at the Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies and the Keough School of Global Affairs at the University of Notre Dame. She is the author of Days of Awe and co-editor of Religion and Broken Solidarities (University of Notre Dame Press, 2022).
Joshua Lupo is assistant director of the Contending Modernities research initiative at the Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies at the University of Notre Dame. He is the co-editor of Religion and Broken Solidarities (University of Notre Dame Press, 2022).
Joshua Lupo is the assistant director of the Contending Modernities research initiative at the Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies at the University of Notre Dame. He is the co-editor of Religion, Populism, and Modernity.
“At once granular and general, this thought-provoking compilation explores how the logic of White Christian nationalism operates in American and European politics today, sometimes hidden and sometimes hidden in plain sight. All too often, scholars of religion shy away from asking and answering normative questions—here they don’t.” —Ulrich Schmiedel, author of Terror und Theologie
“Religion, Populism, and Modernity offers a multidisciplinary and contextually rich comparative study that moves the conversation beyond a priori assumptions and equips the reader with insights for better understanding the complexities that create and sustain White Christian nationalisms today.” —John A. Rees, author of Religion in International Politics and Development
"This audacious volume offers an original and multisited perspective into the entanglements between whiteness, populism, Christianity, nationalism and secularism. By weaving threads throughout phenomena as diverse as Trumpism in the US, philosemitism in Poland or the far-right resistance to the ecological crisis, it compels us to critically address how race and coloniality are reenacted in complex and unexpected ways." —Nadia Fadil, author of Tegen Radicalisering
"A useful collection of chapters by a group of very accomplished scholars. Each presents an authoritative account of their topic." — Party Politics