The Jewish Eighteenth Century
A European Biography, 1700–1750
Olamot Series in Humanities and Social Sciences
Published by: Indiana University Press
560 pages, 152.00 x 229.00 mm, none
- ISBN: 9780253049469
- Published: December 2020
The eighteenth century was the Jews' first modern century. The deep changes that took place during its course shaped the following generations, and its most prominent voices still reverberate today. In this first volume of his magisterial work, Shmuel Feiner charts the twisting and fascinating world of the first half of the 18th century from the viewpoint of the Jews of Europe. Paying careful attention to life stories, to bright and dark experiences, to voices of protest, to aspirations of reform, and to strivings for personal and general happiness, Feiner identifies the tectonic changes that were taking place in Europe and their unprecedented effects on and among Jews. From the religious and cultural revolution of the Haskalah (Jewish Enlightenment) to the question of whether Jews could be citizens of any nation, Feiner presents a broad view of how this century of upheaval altered the map of Europe and the Jews who called it home.
Introduction: Happy Times? The First Century in the Modern Age
1. Pictures from Married Life: Glikl the daughter of Leib between Hamburg and Metz
2. "Rise up and Succeed": Absolutism and Court Jews in Baroque Culture
3. Jews in the News: The Angry Masses, a Holy Society, and "Judaism Unmasked"
4. Between Enlightened Thought and an Imaginary Universe
5. "Everyone Wants to be Happy: Dangers and Amusements
6. "Our Miserable Brethren": Jews in Time of War
7. Melancholy, Career, and Travels: Five Life Stories
8. Christians versus Jews: Bitter and Violent Relations
9. From London to Jerusalem: Confrontations and Disputes
10. The Challenge of Sabbateanism: The Storm over the "Hypocritical Serpent"
11. Competition over the Picture of the World: Witches and Human Knowledge
12. To Silence the "Fellow from Padua": Moses Haim Luzzatto and the Great Awakening
13. Criticism and Ambition: From Gulliver to the Baal Shem Tov and Jew Süss
14. Contradictory Tendencies: Hostility, Violence, and "True Happiness"
15. "An Indelible Stain": War and Expulsion
16. A Vision of the Future: Ascent of the Soul, a Path for the Just, and a Teacher of the Perplexed
17. Toward Mid-Century: The Awakening of Shame