Throughout its history, Morocco has maintained a distinctive sense of identity. Its name conjures up visions of carpets and Casablanca, mint tea and the Marrakech Express, associations that are not entirely dispelled by visits to the country. However, in recent years Morocco has faced challenges to its stability. The advent of new technologies, such as satellite communications and the Internet, has enhanced the public's access to information and led to greater demands for human rights and government accountability. At the same time, Islamist influences are on the rise, with criticism from some that current structures of governance are not Islamic enough.
As different factions assert competing visions for the identity of the Moroccan state, the status of women is frequently invoked as a barometer of the country's progress. The nation-state has characterized the Moroccan female citizen as simultaneously modern, secular, and Islamic, while religious discourse has framed the nationalist vision as hopelessly enslaved to Western secularism, suggesting that the Moroccan woman needs to "return" to an authentic Muslim identity.
Based on two years of fieldwork conducted in the city of Fes, Rachel Newcomb's Women of Fes offers valuable insights into the everyday lives of Moroccan women. Newcomb evokes the struggles middle-class women face as they challenge and modify competing ideologies to create new forms of identity in work, family, and urban space. Simultaneously, the book situates women's lives within larger processes, such as globalization, human rights, and the construction of national identity.
Notes on Transliteration
Chapter One: Introduction: Women of Fes and the Territories of Ideology
Chapter Two: Rumors: Constructing Fes
Chapter Three: Mudawana Reform and the Persistence of Patriarchy
Chapter Four: Solidarity with Distinctions: The Limits of Intervention at a Fassi Nongovernmental Organization
Chapter Five: Kinship: Seeking Sanctuary in the City
Chapter Six: Occupying the Public: New Forms of Gendered Urban Space
Chapter Seven: Singing to So Many Audiences
Chapter Eight: Conclusion: Community, Chaos, and Continuity
"No one reading this book will doubt that the author has lived up to her aim of making available nuanced portraits of a variety of Muslim women, sensitively and multivocally conveyed, in a domain of literature still dominated by stereotypes of "the oppressed Muslim woman."—American Ethnologist
"Newcomb's insightful and engaging book contributes to an important, but neglected area of scholarship, ethnography of the urban middle class. It demonstrates that Fassi middle-class women, like members of the middle class elsewhere, are actively reconstituting space, identity and community, as they embrace the tension between the order an chaos of modernity, while maintaining strands of continuity between a dissipating past and an imagined future. It constitutes an important resource for students and scholars of anthropology, gender studies and Middle East studies."—Journal of Islamic Studies
"An outstanding contribution of Muslim world anthropology and gender studies; a careful ethnographic work attuned to large-scale forces and their capillary saturation of daily social arrangements and innovations. It very skillfully draws on canonical studies of Morocco (e.g., Abdellah Hammoudi on patriarchy, André Adam on class, Hildred Geertz on kinship, and Fatima Mernissi on gender) to fully contextualize her own luminous ethnography."—American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences
"An engaging and very well written study of women and gender change in contemporary Morocco. Employing the narratives of Fassi women, the reader is led into a nuanced world where women consciously try to embrace, and thereby create, their own forms of modernity."—Deborah Kapchan, New York University