The Archaeology of Martin's Hundred explores the history and artifacts of a 20,000-acre tract of land in Tidewater, Virginia, one of the most extensive English enterprises in the New World. Settled in 1618, all signs of its early occupation soon disappeared, leaving no trace above ground. More than three centuries later, archaeological explorations uncovered tantalizing evidence of the people who had lived, worked, and died there in the seventeenth century.
Part I: Interpretive Studies addresses four critical questions, each with complex and sometimes unsatisfactory answers: Who was Martin? What was a hundred? When did it begin and end? Where was it located? We then see how scientific detective work resulted in a reconstruction of what daily life must have been like in the strange and dangerous new land of colonial Virginia. The authors use first-person accounts, documents of all sorts, and the treasure trove of artifacts carefully unearthed from the soil of Martin's Hundred.
Part II: Artifact Catalog illustrates and describes the principal artifacts in 110 figures. The objects, divided by category and by site, range from ceramics, which were the most readily and reliably datable, to glass, of which there was little, to metalwork, in all its varied aspects from arms and armor to rail splitters' wedges, and, finally, to tobacco pipes.
The Archaeology of Martin's Hundred is a fascinating account of the ways archaeological fieldwork, laboratory examination, and analysis based on lifelong study of documentary and artifact research came together to increase our knowledge of early colonial history.
Copublished with the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation.
List of Illustrations
List of Plates
Chapter 1 The Who, What, When, and Where of Martin's Hundred
Chapter 2 The People of Martin's Hundred: The Physical Evidence
Chapter 3 Where They Lived, Worked, Fenced, and Sometimes Hid
Chapter 4 Arms and Armor in Martin's Hundred
Chapter 5 Of Pots and Pertinence
Chapter 6 The Small Finds
Chapter 7 The Glass
Chapter 8 The Tobacco Pipes
Chapter 9 The Pits
List of Figures
Appendix I. Faunal Analyses
Appendix II. Index of Illustrated Tobacco-pipe Marks
Appendix III. Cited Excavation Register Entries
IV. Ceramic Nomenclature