Sexual types on the early modern stage are at once strange and familiar, associated with a range of "unnatural" or "monstrous" sexual and gender practices, yet familiar because readily identifiable as types: recognizable figures of literary imagination and social fantasy. From the many found in early modern culture, Mario DiGangi here focuses on six types that reveal in particularly compelling ways, both individually and collectively, how sexual transgressions were understood to intersect with social, gender, economic, and political transgressions.
Building on feminist and queer scholarship, Sexual Types demonstrates how the sodomite, the tribade (a woman-loving woman), the narcissistic courtier, the citizen wife, the bawd, and the court favorite function as sites of ideological contradiction in dramatic texts. On the one hand, these sexual types are vilified and disciplined for violating social and sexual norms; on the other hand, they can take the form of dynamic, resourceful characters who expose the limitations of the categories that attempt to define and contain them. In bringing sexuality and character studies into conjunction with one another, Sexual Types provides illuminating new readings of familiar plays, such as Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream and The Winter's Tale, and of lesser-known plays by Fletcher, Middleton, and Shirley.
List of Illustrations
Introduction: Deformation of Character
PART I. SEXUAL TYPES AND NECESSARY CLASSIFICATIONS
Chapter 1. Keeping Company: The Sodomite's Familiar Vices
Chapter 2. Fulfilling Venus: Substitutive Logics and the Tribade's Agency
PART II. SEXUAL TYPES AND SOCIAL DISCRIMINATIONS
Chapter 3. Mincing Manners: The Narcissistic Courtier and the (De)Formation of Civility
Chapter 4. Calling Whore: The Citizen Wife and the Erotics of Open Work
PART III. SEXUAL TYPES AND INTERMEDIARY FUNCTIONS
Chapter 5. Making Common: Familiar Knowledge and the Bawd's Seduction
Chapter 6. Making Monsters: The Caroline Favorite and the Erotics of Royal Will
"DiGangi is the early modern literary critic perhaps best equipped to deal with the intersections among sexuality, gender, and status hierarchies, and Sexual Types has important things to say about how such relations function in drama from the late sixteenth century through the Caroline period. A significant contribution to both early modern drama studies and sexuality studies."—Valerie Traub, University of Michigan