Historically, Aboriginal people have had little influence on the development of Native policy from within government; as a result political organizations have been established to lobby government on Native peoples’ issues. Using his experience as director of land claims for the Métis Association of Alberta, Joe Sawchuk explains how these Aboriginal organizations began, how they set their political agendas, and how they are influenced by government funding and internal politics. The record of Native political organizations in Canada has been impressive, yet questions remain if government agendas blunts their effectiveness, and how decreases in funding might affect them in the future.
1. Classification of Nativeness in Canada
The Process of Ethno-Aboriginality
2. Native Political Organizations in Canada
A Listing of Native Organizations
The Structure of Native Organizations
An Analysis of Native Organizations
3. The Metis Association of Alberta
Early Metis Political Organizations in Alberta
The Beginnings of the Metis Association of Alberta
The Supplanting of the Metis Association of Alberta
A Period of Revitalization
The Advent of Government Funding
The Federation of Metis Settlements
The Metis Association of Alberta
The Metis Nation of Alberta
4. Native Organizations and the Federal Government
The Source of Federal Indian Policy
Nation to Nation or Client to Patron?
Native Organizations and Federal Funding
Reciprocity in the Patron-Client Relationship
The Pervasiveness of the Patron-Client Relationship
5. Native Organizations and Provincial Governments
Sources of Provincial Indian Policies
Alberta's Indian Policy
Implications of Provincial Funding
Partisan Politics and Tutelage
Federal and Provincial Governments Compared
6. Politics Within the Metis Association of Alberta
The Metis Political Arena
The Importance of Positions
Politicking at the Assembly
7. An Analysis of Power Within the Metis Association of Alberta
A Model of Resource Dependence
Money as Power
Programs as Power
Personnel as Power
Technical Knowledge as Power
8. Rationale for the Existence of Native Organizations
Principles of Organization
Achieving Political Goals
Where Do We Go From Here?
Sawchuk displays an obvious expertise in his subject, and his book contains breathtaking detail regarding the genesis and maintenance of Alberta Métis organizations.
Great Plains Research, Vol. 10, No. 1
The Métis land claims are now coming into their own and Professor Sawchuk gives us a quick overview as to matters we must understand in order to deal with the same.
This is not a book for recreational reading. But if you would like to get a picture of the native political organizations and their complex relationships with provincial and federal governments, this is a good book to start with.
The Prairie Messenger