Combined Academic Publishers

Gambling with the Future

9781895830286: Paperback
Release Date: 10th September 2006

Dimensions: 152 x 229

Number of Pages: 232

Series Purich's Aboriginal Issues Series

UBC Press

Gambling with the Future

The Evolution of Aboriginal Gaming in Canada

Slots, cards, and casinos: what does gambling mean to First Nations communities in Canada?
Paperback / £26.99

Many First Nations in Canada run casinos and other gambling enterprises, which have become a visible part of the Canadian landscape and foster economic development. Although early legislation was designed to control gambling, events in the US stimulated First Nations leaders to persevere and eventually capitalize on the gradual relaxation of the rules permitting lotteries, off-track betting, and the numerous forms of gambling that are legally available today. Yet, there are also future challenges First Nations gambling institutions face, especially the extent to which such institutions are an important engine for economic development of First Nations communities or if they are detrimental. Examining the role gambling and gaming played in pre-contact Aboriginal society, Belanger traces the history of First Nations gaming institutions nationally, and the political and legal battles fought provincially.

Introduction: A Search for Clarity
Gaming and Economic Development
Gaming and Social Pathologies
Bringing Clarity

1. The Historical Perspective
Gaming as Universal Norm
Historic Gaming Practices in Canada
Gaming as Vice
Canadian Policy

2. The Evolution of Canadian Gaming Legislation
Post-Confederation Gaming Legislation
The Move Toward Lotteries
Federal Gaming Legislation: 1969-1985
The Provinces Start Gambling: 1967-present 52 Conclusion

3. The Social, Political, and Economic Context
The Shift from Wards to Self-Governing Nations
Indians and Economic Development: A Brief Overview
First Nations Statistical Profile: 1980-1990
Aboriginal Self-Government and the Need for Economic Development

4. American Indian Gaming: A Brief Overview
The First Days of Indian Gaming
The Indian Gaming Regulatory Act (IGRA)
Gaming and Nation Building: The Mashantucket Pequot

5. Ontario: The Legal Ramifications
The Genesis of First Nations Gaming in Ontario
The Evolution of First Nations Gaming in Ontario
The Shawanaga/Eagle Lake Appeals
The Métis Sue the Ontario Government
Mnjikaning First Nation Sues the Ontario Government

6. Saskatchewan and Manitoba: Early Days
The FSIN Tackles Gaming
The White Bear Casino Raid
The Dutch Lerat Affair
First Nations Gaming in Manitoba
The Aseneskak Casino
The South Beach Casino

7. First Nations Gaming in Alberta
The Genesis of First Nations Gaming in Alberta
The Enoch Cree Nation Casino
The Tsuu T’ina Casino
The Stoney Nakoda Nation Casino

8. Social and Political Responses to First Nations Gaming
Race-Based Politics
Gaming Troubles at Dakota Tipi
The Proposed Saskatoon Casino

9. Recent Developments in First Nations Gaming
Gambling on Casinos: Notes from British Columbia
The Blue Heron and the Golden Eagle
Hidden in Plain Sight: The Nova Scotia First Nations Gaming Industry
The Battle Against Labour Unions
The Potential for Conflict over Internet Gaming

Conclusion: Room for Optimism

Dr. Yale D. Belanger is an assistant professor of Native American Studies at the University of Lethbridge. His doctoral work at Trent University focused on the emergence and evolution of Aboriginal political organizations in late 19th- and early 20th-century Canada.