Choro is a type of Brazilian popular music similar in background to the celebrated Cuban son of Buena Vista Social Club fame. Choro started in Rio de Janeiro as a fusion of African-based rhythms and structures with European instruments and dance forms. In the 20th century, it came to represent social and racial diversity in Brazil and was integrated into mainstream film, radio, and recordings throughout Latin America and Europe. It formed a basis for Brazilian jazz and influenced the music of Heitor Villa Lobos. Today choro is viewed as a type of popular folk/traditional music in its own right. Its history parallels that of race, class, and nationality in Brazil over the last 100 years.
2. Race, Class, and Nineteenth-Century Popular Music: The Modinha, the Lundu, and the Maxixe
3. The Roda de Choro: Heart and Soul of Choro
4. From the Plantation to the City: The Rise and Development of Early Choro in Rio de Janeiro (1870<N>1920)
5. From the Terno to the Regional: The Professionalization of Choro
6. The Velha Guarda in the New Brazil: Choro in the 1950s and 1960s
7. The Choro Revival
8. Contemporary Choro
9. Choro and the Brazilian Classical Tradition
Select Discography of Choro Recordings
[This] book will serve as a reference source for choro, and no doubt will spark interest and future research in this important genre.
Journal of the Society for American Music
. . . a welcome addition to the literature on the history of Brazilian popular music available in English, adding valuable information and insights regarding this ongoing lively musical conversation.Volume 29, Number 1, Spring/Summer 2008
College of William and Mary