Modern Spain

9780812237177: Hardback
Release Date: 16th May 2003

9780812218466: Paperback
Release Date: 12th May 2003

Dimensions: 155 x 235

Number of Pages: 320

University of Pennsylvania Press, Inc.

Modern Spain

A Documentary History

Edited by
Jon Cowans

"Immediately useful to anyone interested in Spanish history and culture."—Virginia Quarterly Review

Hardback / £60.00
Paperback / £21.99

While the Civil War of 1936-39 dominated Spain's twentieth-century history, the country's fateful and bloody division into left and right had its roots in the events of the Napoleonic era. In Modern Spain: A Documentary History, the first broad-ranging collection in English of writings from this entire period, Jon Cowans presents 76 documents to trace the history of Spain as it struggled for political and social stability and justice through the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.

Beginning with Napoleon's occupation of Spain in 1808, the selections include decrees of the liberal Cádiz Cortes of 1810-14, an 1841 plea for the revival of the Catalan culture and language, an 1873 anarchist manifesto, an 1892 argument for the education of women, a Basque nationalist's 1895 diatribe against Spaniards, José Ortega y Gasset's Invertebrate Spain, General Francisco Franco's 1936 manifesto and his 1940 letter to Hitler, the Spanish bishops' 1950 press release on immorality and indecency in the mass media, King Juan Carlos's speech on the attempted coup d'état of 1981, and a 1999 report by SOS Racismo on immigration and xenophobia in contemporary Spain.

Covering political, cultural, social, and economic history, Modern Spain: A Documentary History provides a valuable opportunity to explore the history of Spain through primary sources from the Second Republic, the Civil War, and the Franco dictatorship, as well as from the period of Spain's profound transformation following the ascension of King Juan Carlos in 1975.


1. Joachim Murat, Report on the Madrid Revolt (1808)
2. Napoleon Bonaparte, Message to the Spaniards (1808)
3. Calls to Arms (1808)
4. Decrees of the Cádiz Cortes (1810-1814)
5. Diego Muñoz Torrero, On Freedom of the Press (1810)
6. The Congress of Venezuela, Declaration of Independence (1811)
7. The 1812 Constitution
8. Ferdinand VII, Declaration on the Constitution (1814)
9. Army Proclamation of 1820
10. Ferdinand VII, Manifesto of October 1, 1823
11. The Carlist Movement (1833)
12. Joaquim Rubió; y Ors, The Catalan Renaixença (1841)
13. Fernando Garrido, On Communism (1848)
14. Juan Donoso Cortés, On Religion and Liberty (1849)
15. Liberal Principles (1868-1869)
16. El Estado Catalan, On Federalism (1870)
17. Justo Zaragoza, On Slavery in the Spanish Antilles (1872)
18. The Alcoy Federation, An Anarchist Manifesto (1873)
19. Clarín, Hunger in Andalusia (1883)
20. Valentí Almirall, Spain Such as It Is (1887)
21. Emilia Pardo Bazán, The Education of Men and Women (1892)
22. Pablo Iglesias, The Social Revolution (1892)
23. La Epoca, "Anarchist Attack in Barcelona" (1893)
24. Enric Prat de la Riba, Compendium of Catalanist Doctrine (1894)
25. Sabino de Arana, "What Are We?" (1895)
26. Francisco Silvela, "Without a Pulse" (1898)
27. Pablo Iglesias, "Our Bourgeoisie" (1898)
28. The Army and the Catalans (1905)
29. Alejandro Lerroux, "Rebels, Rebels!" (1906)
30. The Tarrasa Manifesto (1909)
31. Spanish Bishops, Against the Existence of the Secular Schools (1909) .
32. Miryam, "Anticlerical Women: What We Want" (1910)
33. Julián Juderías, The Black Legend (1914).
34. Program of the National Association of Spanish Women (1918)
35. José Ortega y Gasset, Invertebrate Spain (1922)
36. Miguel Primo de Rivera, The Barcelona Manifesto (1923)
37. Platform of the Patriotic Union (1928)
38. Alfonso XIII, Message of Renunciation (1931)
39. Spanish Bishops, On the Proposed Constitution (1931)
40. Manuel Azaña, "Spain Has Ceased to Be Catholic" (1931)
41. Parliamentary Debate on Women's Suffrage (1931)
42. The 1931 Constitution
43. Fernando de los Ríos, The Republican Education Program (1937)
44. La Pasionaria, "From Childhood to Maturity" (1966)
45. Artists' Statements (1931-1934)
46. El Debate, "A Large Catholic Majority" (1933)
47. José Antonio Primo de Rivera, Ideas of the Falange (1934)
48. Conservatives on Women and Feminism (1932, 1933, 1935)
49. El Socialista, On the Victory of the Popular Front (1936)
50. Francisco Franco, Manifesto of July 18, 1936
51. Ideological Struggles of the Left (1936, 1937)
52. Decree Closing Religious Institutions (1936)
53. Germany and the Spanish Civil War (1936-1937)
54. British Parliamentary Debates on Spain (1937)
55. Spanish Bishops, On the War in Spain (1937)
56. George Orwell, Homage to Catalonia (1938)
57. Francisco Franco, Letter to Hitler (1940)
58. Francisco Franco, Laureate Cross Acceptance Speech (1940)
59. The Nationalist Movement, Law of Syndical Organization (1940)
60. José Rodríguez Vega, Impressions of Franco's Spain (1943)
61. The United States and Franco's Spain, 1945-1954
62. Spanish Bishops, On Criticism, Propaganda, and Publicity (1950)
63. Law of the Fundamental Principles of the Nationalist Movement (1958)
64. Pilar Primo de Rivera, On the Rights of Working Women (1961)
65. Luis Buñuel, On Viridiana (1962)
66. Dionisio Ridruejo, On Resistance to Franco (1962)
67. The Nationalist Movement, The Woman in the New Society (1963)
68. The Abbot of Montserrat, "The Regime Calls Itself Christian" (1963)
69. ETA Communiqués (1970, 1973)
70. Women's Liberation Front, Founding Manifesto (1976)
71. The 1978 Constitution
72. Spanish Reflections on Franco (1979)
73. King Juan Carlos, Speech on the Coup d'État (1981)
74. Felipe González, Interview on the NATO Referendum (1986)
75. La Mesa de Ajuria Enea, Response to ETA (1997)
76. SOS Racismo, Annual Report on Racism in the Spanish State (1999


Jon Cowans is Associate Professor of History at Rutgers University, Newark. He is the editor of the companion volume Early Modern Spain: A Documentary History, also available from the University of Pennsylvania Press.

"These books will prove to be immediately useful to anyone interested in Spanish history and culture."—Virginia Quarterly Review