We Were Not Orphans

9780292725591: Hardback
Release Date: 1st February 2011

1 map, 84 b&w photos, 1 chart

Dimensions: 216 x 241

Number of Pages: 234

Series Jack and Doris Smothers Series in Texas History, Life, and Culture

University of Texas Press

We Were Not Orphans

Stories from the Waco State Home

Written by
Sherry Matthews
Foreword by
Robert Draper
Hardback / £24.99

"We were not orphans. Our parents were living; they just couldn't take care of us." This poignant remark captures the heartbreaking reality faced by thousands of Texas children from the 1920s through the 1970s. The Waco State Home provided housing and education for "dependent and neglected" children, but residents paid a price in physical and sexual abuse, military discipline, and plantation-style labor. Even so, the institution was the only home they had, and it rescued many children from an even worse fate.

Now for the first time, oral histories and newly unearthed documents reveal what went on behind the gates of the Waco State Home. Sherry Matthews has tracked down former residents and uncovered criminal abuse that went unpunished and unpublicized. She first became aware of the Waco State Home at age three, when her three brothers were taken there to live. Years later, she attended a reunion at the Home and began collecting the alumni stories with assistance from author Jesse Sublett.

We Were Not Orphans gathers riveting recollections from nearly sixty alumni who share the horror of abuse as well as their triumphs of spirit and ingenuity. Some alumni recall only the positive—bountiful food, caring teachers, victorious sports teams, and friendships and values that have lasted a lifetime. Others recount bloody beatings and sexual molestation that have left physical and emotional scars. These personal narratives and Matthews's relentless pursuit of the truth show how much can go wrong when a government-run institution operates without adequate public oversight. The Waco State Home finally closed after a landmark federal court decision and a courageous superintendent stopped the abuse and helped shepherd the children out of institutionalized care.

  • Foreword by Robert Draper
  • Acknowledgments
  • Prologue
  • Map
  • Waco State Home Historical Time Line
  • Stories
    • Chapter One: The Great Depression
      • Dick Hudman, 1924–1941
      • Dorothy Sue Robertson Diekmann, 1928–1941
      • Prentiss "Stick" Andrews, 1933–1940
      • Oletha "Lee" Dorrough McConnell, 1937–1941
      • Roy Dorrough, 1938–1950
      • Russell Dorrough, 1939–1952
      • Sue Williamson Stolz, 1938–1949
      • Betty Williamson Gatlin, 1939–1950
      • William "Bailey" Yarbrough, 1939–1943
      • Charles Goodson, 1939–1952
      • Doris Goodson Bray, 1939–1952
    • Chapter Two: The War Years
      • Margaret Morren Edwards, 1940–1949
      • Bobby Graham, 1940–1951
      • John Wilson, 1940–1953
      • Edith Wills Swadley, 1940–1954
      • Norman Clark, 1941–1953
      • James Smith, 1942–1947
      • Betty Louise Huffman Dubose, 1942–1948
      • John L. Smith, 1942–1952
      • Harvey Walker, 1944–1951
      • Yvonne Mabry Barnes, 1945–1955
      • Tommy Turner, 1947–1957
      • Betty Emfinger Cupps, 1948–1951
      • James Emfinger, 1948–1960
      • Sudie Powell Goodman, 1948–1954
      • Martha Willeford Burns, 1948–1955
      • Ernest Whitener, 1948–1959
      • Fred Lamb, 1949–1959
      • Carolyn Jean Gafford Lewallen, 1949–1962
    • Chapter Three: The Fifties
      • Edward Kainer, 1950–1961
      • Linda Cooey Weeks, 1950–1966
      • Lillian Cooey Johnson, 1951–1955
      • Ann Edwards Gilbert-Pulliam, 1951–1961
      • Buddy Tucker, 1951–1961
      • Betty Ann Moreno Dreese, 1954–1961
      • Dorothy Nash Roach, 1955–1959
      • Billie Jean Folkner Baumann, 1956–1966
      • Paul Folkner, 1956–1969
      • Steve Folkner, 1956–1970
      • Neelee Thames Walker, 1957–1964
      • Phyllis Meacham Smith, 1958–1961
      • Guadalupe Vasquez King, 1958–1968
      • Nancy Wilkins Green, 1958–1969
    • Chapter Four: The Sixties
      • Bess Foster Tucker, 1960–1962
      • Leroy Willeford, 1960–1963
      • Angie B. Cazarez, 1960–1968
      • Juanita Johnson, 1962–1965, and Virginia Johnson, 1962–1969
      • James Hartley, 1963–1966
      • Fernando "Freddy" Reyes, 1964–1972
      • Linda Prather D'Agostino, 1965–1974
      • Ronnie Corder, 1965–1975
      • Mary "Liz" Westbrook Benton, 1966–1967
      • Vincent Galaviz, 1968–1974
      • Billie Ceaser, 1968–1976
  • Epilogue
    • Chapter Five: Overview
    • Chapter Six: Abuse
    • Chapter Seven: Control
    • Chapter Eight: Reform
    • Chapter Nine: Conclusion and Reflections

SHERRY MATTHEWS has spent most of her life working for change through her advocacy marketing firm and has won many awards on behalf of government agencies, nonprofits, and socially conscious companies.

"A first-rate investigative report that has it all: the cold, hard truth of a heart-wrenching chapter in Texas history, unforgettable characters, terrible secrets, legal wrangling, and the ultimate triumph of justice over unforgivable wrongs."

Dan Rather

"We Were Not Orphans is a harrowing, haunting, and, in its own way, uplifting human saga. . . . A deeply compelling read. Highly recommended!"

Douglas Brinkley, Professor of History, Rice University; history commentator, CBS News; and author of The Great Deluge: Hurricane Katrina, New Orleans, and the Mississippi Gulf Coast

"We owe Sherry Matthews a profound debt for transcending the personal pain that she leaves elegantly unspoken in order to give voice to those children who without her would have been, if not lost to history forever, certainly, tragically misfiled."

Sarah Bird, author of eight novels, including The Gap Year