Environmental Ethics and Forestry

9781566397858: Paperback
Release Date: 20th September 2000

Dimensions: 178 x 254

Number of Pages: 364

Series Environmental Ethics Values An

Temple University Press

Environmental Ethics and Forestry

During the past twenty-five years, North American forestry has received increasingly vigorous scrutiny. Critics including the environmentalists, environmental scientists, representatives of public interest groups, and many individual citizens have expressed concerns about forestry's basic assumptions and methods, as well as its practical outcomes. Criticism has centered on such issues as the exploitation of forests for timber production, the reduction and fragmentation of old-growth habitats, the destruction of biodiversity, the degradation of grasslands through grazing practices, lack of government attention to recreation facilities, silvicultural methods like clearcutting and the use of herbicides and pesticides, the exportation of industrial forestry techniques to other parts of the world, and the use of public monies to provide services for private resource companies, as in the creation of logging roads.This rising tide of public scrutiny has led many foresters to suspect that their \u0022contract\u0022 with society to manage forests using their best professional judgment has been undermined. Some of these professionals, as well as some of their critics, have begun to reexamine their old beliefs and to look for new ways of practicing forestry. Part of this reflective process has entailed new directions in environmental ethics and environmental philosophy.This reader brings together some of the new thinking in this area. Here students of the applied environmental and natural resource sciences, as well as the interested general reader, will discover a rich sampling of writings in environmental ethics and philosophy as they apply to forestry. Readings focus on basic ethical systems in forestry and forest management, philosophical issues in forestry ethics, codes of ethics in forestry and related natural resource sciences such as fisheries science and wildlife biology, Aldo Leopold's land ethic in forestry, ethical advocacy and whistleblowing in government resource agencies, the ethics of new forestry, ecoforestry, and public debate in forestry, as well as ethical issues in global forestry such as the responsibilities of forest corporations, environmentalists, and individual wood consumers. The volume contains materials from the founders of forestry ethics, such as Bernhard Fernow, Giford Pinchot, John Muir, and Aldo Leopold; from such organizations as the Society of American Foresters, the Wildlife Society, the American Fisheries Society, Forest Service Employees for Environmental Ethics, and the Ecoforesters group, in addition to the writings by a variety of well-known environmental philosophers and foresters, including Holmes Rolston, Robin Attfield, Lawrence Johnson, Michael McDonald, Paul Wood, James E. Coufal, Raymond Craig, Kristin Shrader-Frechette, Jeff DeBonis, Jim L. Bowyer, Alasdair Gunn, Doug Daigle, Alan G. McQuillan, Stephanie Kaza, Alan Drengson, Duncan Taylor, and Kathleen Dean Moore.
Paperback / £36.00

During the past twenty-five years, North American forestry has received increasingly vigorous scrutiny. Critics including the environmentalists, environmental scientists, representatives of public interest groups, and many individual citizens have expressed concerns about forestry's basic assumptions and methods, as well as its practical outcomes. Criticism has centered on such issues as the exploitation of forests for timber production, the reduction and fragmentation of old-growth habitats, the destruction of biodiversity, the degradation of grasslands through grazing practices, lack of government attention to recreation facilities, silvicultural methods like clearcutting and the use of herbicides and pesticides, the exportation of industrial forestry techniques to other parts of the world, and the use of public monies to provide services for private resource companies, as in the creation of logging roads.This rising tide of public scrutiny has led many foresters to suspect that their \u0022contract\u0022 with society to manage forests using their best professional judgment has been undermined. Some of these professionals, as well as some of their critics, have begun to reexamine their old beliefs and to look for new ways of practicing forestry. Part of this reflective process has entailed new directions in environmental ethics and environmental philosophy.This reader brings together some of the new thinking in this area. Here students of the applied environmental and natural resource sciences, as well as the interested general reader, will discover a rich sampling of writings in environmental ethics and philosophy as they apply to forestry. Readings focus on basic ethical systems in forestry and forest management, philosophical issues in forestry ethics, codes of ethics in forestry and related natural resource sciences such as fisheries science and wildlife biology, Aldo Leopold's land ethic in forestry, ethical advocacy and whistleblowing in government resource agencies, the ethics of new forestry, ecoforestry, and public debate in forestry, as well as ethical issues in global forestry such as the responsibilities of forest corporations, environmentalists, and individual wood consumers. The volume contains materials from the founders of forestry ethics, such as Bernhard Fernow, Giford Pinchot, John Muir, and Aldo Leopold; from such organizations as the Society of American Foresters, the Wildlife Society, the American Fisheries Society, Forest Service Employees for Environmental Ethics, and the Ecoforesters group, in addition to the writings by a variety of well-known environmental philosophers and foresters, including Holmes Rolston, Robin Attfield, Lawrence Johnson, Michael McDonald, Paul Wood, James E. Coufal, Raymond Craig, Kristin Shrader-Frechette, Jeff DeBonis, Jim L. Bowyer, Alasdair Gunn, Doug Daigle, Alan G. McQuillan, Stephanie Kaza, Alan Drengson, Duncan Taylor, and Kathleen Dean Moore.

CONTENTS

Preface
Acknowledgments
General Introduction

PART I: ETHICAL SYSTEMS IN FORESTRY
1. The Economic Resource Model of Forests and Forestry
Berhard Fernow: Forest and Forestry Defined
Gifford Pinchot: Principles of Conservation
Gifford Pinchot: The Use of the National Forests

2. John Muir on the Preservation of the Wild Forests of the West
John Muir: The American Forests

3. Aldo Leopold's Land Ethic in Forestry
Aldo Leopold: The Land Ethic

PART II: TWO PHILOSOPHICAL ISSUES IN FORESTRY ETHICS
4. Multiple Values in Forests

Holmes Rolston III: Values Deep in the Woods
Holmes Rolston III:  Aesthetic Experience in Forestry

5. The Rights of Trees and Other Natural Objects
Robin Artfield The Good of Trees
Lawrence E. Johnson: Holistic Entities--Species
Lawrence E. Johnson: Ecointerests and Forest Fires

PART III: CONTEMPORARY FORESTRY ETHICS
6. Basic Principles in Forestry Ethics

Michael McDonald: First Principles for  Professional Foresters
Paul M. Wood: "The Greatest Good for the Greatest Number": Is This a Good Land-Use Ethic
James E. Coufal: Environmental Ethics: Cogitations and Ruminations of a Forester
The Ecoforestry Declaration of Interdependence

7. Codes of Ethics in Forestry, Fisheries, and Wildlife Biology
Code of Ethics for Members of the Society of American Foresters
Code of Ethics and Standards for Professional Conduct for Wildlife Biologists, The Wildlife Society
Code of Practices, American Fisheries' Society
Code of Ethics, Oregon Chapter, American Fisheries Society
A Code of Ethics for Government Service
The Ecoforester's Way

8. Adopting a Land Ethic in the Society of American Foresters
James E. Coufal: The Land Ethic Question
Norwin E. Linnartz, Raymond S. Craig, and M. B. Dickerman: Land Ethic Canon Recommended by Committee
Holmes Rolston III and James Coufal: A Forest Ethic and Multivalue Forest Management: The Integrity of
    Forests and of Foresters Are Bound Together
Raymond S. Craig: Further Development of a Land Ethic Canon
Raymond S. Craig: Land Ethic Canon Proposal: A Report from the Task Force

9. Advocating New Environmental Ethics in Public Natural Resource Agencies
Kristin Shrader-Frechette: Ethics and Environmental Advocacy
Inner Voice
AFSEEE Vision: Strategy for Forest Service Reform
Jeff DeBonis: Speaking Out: A Letter to the Chief of the U. S. Forest Service
F. Dale Robertson: Chief Robertson Responds
On Speaking Out: Fighting for Resource Ethics in the BLM
Whistleblower Spills Beans on North Kaibab
A Combat Biologist Calls It Quits: An Interview with Al Espinosa
Tongass Employees Speak Out
Cheri Brooks: Enough is Enough! A Tongass Timber Beast Puts His Foot Down

10. Ethical Issues in Global Forestry
James L. Bowyer: Responsible Environmentalism: The Ethical Features of Forest Harvest and Wood Use on a
     Global Scale
Alastair S. Gunn: Environmental Ethics and Tropical Rain Forests: Should Greens Have Standing?
Doug Daigle: Globalization of the Timber Trade

11. New Forestry, New Forest Philosopher
Alan G. McQuillan: Cabbages and Kings: The Ethics and Aesthetics of New Forestry
Stephanie Kaza: Ethical Tensions in the Northern Forest
Alan Drengson and  Duncan Taylor: An Overview of Ecoforestry: Introduction

EPILOGUE
Kathleen Dean Moore: Traveling the Logging Road, Coast Range

Selected Bibliography
Index

Peter List is Professor of Philosophy at Oregon State University, where he teaches courses on environmental ethics, ethical issues in the natural resource sciences, and sustainable forestry. He is the author of articles on Aldo Leopold's land ethic, and co-author of several articles on public attitudes about federal forests and forest management, published in the Journal of Forestry  and Society and Natural Resources.

"...the articles in this reader create a rich foundation for discussion and for questioning the way we use and manage natural resources."
Journal of Environmental Education