Muslim Reformers in Iran and Turkey

9780292728837: Paperback
Release Date: 1st May 2011

16 b&w photos, 8 charts/graphs, 4 tables

Dimensions: 152 x 229

Number of Pages: 320

Series CMES Modern Middle East Series

University of Texas Press

Muslim Reformers in Iran and Turkey

The Paradox of Moderation

Paperback / £23.99

Moderation theory describes the process through which radical political actors develop commitments to electoral competition, political pluralism, human rights, and rule of law and come to prefer negotiation, reconciliation, and electoral politics over provocation, confrontation, and contentious action. Revisiting this theory through an examination of two of the most prominent moderate Islamic political forces in recent history, Muslim Reformers in Iran and Turkey analyzes the gains made and methods implemented by the Reform Front in the Islamic Republic of Iran and the Justice and Development Party in Turkey.

Both of these groups represent Muslim reformers who came into continual conflict with unelected adversaries who attempted to block their reformist agendas. Based on extensive field research in both locales, Muslim Reformers in Iran and Turkey argues that behavioral moderation as practiced by these groups may actually inhibit democratic progress. Political scientist Güneş Murat Tezcür observes that the ability to implement conciliatory tactics, organize electoral parties, and make political compromises impeded democracy when pursued by the Reform Front and the Justice and Development Party. Challenging conventional wisdom, Tezcür's findings have broad implications for the dynamics of democratic progress.

  • List of Tables and Figures
  • List of Abbreviations
  • Preface and Acknowledgments
  • Chapter 1. Introduction
  • Chapter 2. From Islamists to Muslim Reformers: A Theory of Political Change
  • Chapter 3. Muslim Reformism in Comparative Perspective
  • Chapter 4. Muslim Reformism: Engagement with Secularism and Liberal Democracy
  • Chapter 5. The Guardians and Elections in Iran and Turkey
  • Chapter 6. A Moment of Enthusiasm in the Islamic Republic
  • Chapter 7. Elusive Democratization in the Secular Republic
  • Chapter 8. A Tale of Two Elections
  • Chapter 9. Conclusion
  • Notes
  • Bibliography
  • Index

GÜNE MURAT TEZCÜR is Assistant Professor of Political Science at Loyola University Chicago.

"Tezcür’s work is very reader-friendly, which is a rare quality for books that have ambitious conceptual frameworks. The author’s ability to weave his fieldwork interviews with statistical data is impressive."

Contemporary Islam