A Century of Revolution

9780822347200: Hardback
Release Date: 21st October 2010

9780822347378: Paperback
Release Date: 21st October 2010

17 illustrations, 1 map

Dimensions: 152 x 235

Number of Pages: 456

Series American Encounters/Global Interactions

Duke University Press Books

A Century of Revolution

Insurgent and Counterinsurgent Violence during Latin America’s Long Cold War

A collection exploring the ideological hardening and accelerated polarization that marked twentieth-century Latin America and its epochal cycles of revolutionary and counterrevolutionary violence.
Hardback / £101.00
Paperback / £26.99

Latin America experienced an epochal cycle of revolutionary upheavals and insurgencies during the twentieth century, from the Mexican Revolution of 1910 through the mobilizations and terror in Central America, the Southern Cone, and the Andes during the 1970s and 1980s. In his introduction to A Century of Revolution, Greg Grandin argues that the dynamics of political violence and terror in Latin America are so recognizable in their enforcement of domination, their generation and maintenance of social exclusion, and their propulsion of historical change, that historians have tended to take them for granted, leaving unexamined important questions regarding their form and meaning. The essays in this groundbreaking collection take up these questions, providing a sociologically and historically nuanced view of the ideological hardening and accelerated polarization that marked Latin America’s twentieth century. Attentive to the interplay among overlapping local, regional, national, and international fields of power, the contributors focus on the dialectical relations between revolutionary and counterrevolutionary processes and their unfolding in the context of U.S. hemispheric and global hegemony. Through their fine-grained analyses of events in Chile, Colombia, Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, Nicaragua, and Peru, they suggest a framework for interpreting the experiential nature of political violence while also analyzing its historical causes and consequences. In so doing, they set a new agenda for the study of revolutionary change and political violence in twentieth-century Latin America.

Contributors
Michelle Chase
Jeffrey L. Gould
Greg Grandin
Lillian Guerra
Forrest Hylton
Gilbert M. Joseph
Friedrich Katz
Thomas Miller Klubock
Neil Larsen
Arno J. Mayer
Carlota McAllister
Jocelyn Olcott
Gerardo Rénique
Corey Robin
Peter Winn

Living in Revolutionary Time: Coming to Terms with the Violence of Latin America's Long Cold War / Greg Grandin 1
Part One: The First Cold War
violence and Terror in the Russian and Mexican Revolutions / Friedrich Katz 45
Mueras y matanza: Spectacles of Terror and Violence in Postrevolutionary Mexico / Jocelyn Olcott 62
On the Road to "El Porvenir": A Revolutionary and Counterrevolutionary Violence in El Salvador and Nicaragua / Jeffrey R. Gould 88
Ránquil: Violence and Peasant Politics on Chile's Southern Frontier / Thomas Miller Klubock 121
Part Two: The Cuban Conjuncture
The Trials: Violence and Justice in the Aftermath of the Cuban Revolution / Michelle Chase 163
Beyond Paradox: Counterrevolution and the Origins of Political Culture in the Cuban Revolution, 1959-2009 / Lillian Guerra 199
Part Three: The Weight of the Night
The Furies of the Andes: Violence and Terror in the Chilean Revolution and Counterrevolution / Peter Winn 239
A Headlong Rush into the Future: Violence and Revolution in a Guatemalan Indigenous Village / Carlota McAllister 276
"People's War," "Dirty War": Cold War Legacy and the End of History in Postwar Peru / Gerardo Rénique 309
The Cold War That Didn't End: Paramilitary Modernization in Medellín Miracle, Colombia / Forrest Hylton 338
Reflections
You Say You Want a Counterrevolution: Well, You Know, We All Want to Change the World / Corey Robin 371
Thoughts on Violence and Modernity in Latin America / Neil Larsen 381
Conclusions
Latin America's Long Cold War: A Century of Revolutionary Process and U.S. Power / Gilbert M. Joseph 397
History as Containment: An Interview with Arno J. Mayer / Greg Grandin 415
Contributors 423
Index 427

Greg Grandin is Professor of History at New York University. He is the author of Fordlandia: The Rise and Fall of Henry Ford’s Forgotten Jungle City, a finalist for both the National Book Award and the National Book Critics Circle Award, and The Blood of Guatemala: A History of Race and Nation, also published by Duke University Press.

Gilbert M. Joseph is the Farnam Professor of History and International Studies at Yale University. He is the author of Revolution from Without: Yucatan, Mexico, and the United States, 1880–1924, and a co-editor of In from the Cold: Latin America’s New Encounter with the Cold War and The Mexico Reader: History, Culture, Politics, all also published by Duke University Press.

“Showcasing the work of a remarkable group of scholars, this collection provides a sweeping reinterpretation of Latin America’s twentieth century and a thought-provoking intervention into our understanding of the history and meaning of political violence.”—Laurent Dubois, author of Avengers of the New World: The Story of the Haitian Revolution

“The abstract rejection of violence is one of the pillars of today’s hegemonic liberal ideology, and is paradoxically used to legitimize the most brutal forms of actual violence. This is why this outstanding book not only offers an excellent study of the Latin American revolutionary process, but has universal relevance. Its precise analysis of the necessary role of emancipatory violence against the violence of the system itself brings a breath of fresh air into the stale moralism of the liberal Left. A much-needed awakening from our humanitarian dogmatic dream!”—Slavoj Žižek

“. . . [E]xcellent case studies based on careful archival work that broaden our understanding of Latin America’s experience of the Cold War in the twentieth century.”

Paulo Drinot
Cold War History

“The combined expertise of Greg Grandin and Gilbert M. Joseph makes A Century of Revolution analytically rich, especially in describing of the growing agency of mass organizations. . . . A Century of Revolution offers a nuanced theoretical framework, which can help historians interested in new models of analysis to explain the dynamics of late-twentieth-century Latin America.”

Alejandro Quintana
History: Reviews of New Books

“Yet few works provide a perspective as wide-ranging as A Century of Revolution. This important collection — with its careful attention to causes, processes, and outcomes — goes a long way toward debunking the widespread view that political violence is ‘natural’ to Latin America.”

Michael Gobat
Hispanic American Historical Review

“A Century of Revolution has much of value to offer. . . . The ten essays by Latin Americanists in A Century of Revolution bear out the considerable historiographical value of the reinterpretive efforts in which Grandin and Joseph have been engaged for over a decade.“

Arthur Schmidt
A Contracorriente

"A Century of Revolution offers the field a new way to periodize and organize instances of revolutionary and counterrevolutionary violence. . . . [It] provides a powerful corrective, illuminating how world-historical events like the overthrow of Salvador Allende or the bola of the Mexican Revolution were anything but predetermined, reconstructing the cycles of escalation and radicalization that produced them, and chronicling the unstable chemical reactions sparked as the twin Furies of rebellion and reaction met."

Kristen Weld
Latin American Research Review