Algorithms of Oppression

9781479849949: Hardback
Release Date: 20th February 2018

9781479837243: Paperback
Release Date: 20th February 2018

9781479866762: PDF
Release Date: 8th January 2018

Dimensions: 152 x 229

Number of Pages: 256

NYU Press

Algorithms of Oppression

How Search Engines Reinforce Racism

Hardback / £74.00
Paperback / £21.99
PDF / £26.00

As seen in Wired and Time



A revealing look at how negative biases against women of color are embedded in search engine results and algorithms



Run a Google search for “black girls”—what will you find? “Big Booty” and other sexually explicit terms are likely to come up as top search terms. But, if you type in “white girls,” the results are radically different. The suggested porn sites and un-moderated discussions about “why black women are so sassy” or “why black women are so angry” presents a disturbing portrait of black womanhood in modern society.



In Algorithms of Oppression, Safiya Umoja Noble challenges the idea that search engines like Google offer an equal playing field for all forms of ideas, identities, and activities. Data discrimination is a real social problem; Noble argues that the combination of private interests in promoting certain sites, along with the monopoly status of a relatively small number of Internet search engines, leads to a biased set of search algorithms that privilege whiteness and discriminate against people of color, specifically women of color.



Through an analysis of textual and media searches as well as extensive research on paid online advertising, Noble exposes a culture of racism and sexism in the way discoverability is created online. As search engines and their related companies grow in importance—operating as a source for email, a major vehicle for primary and secondary school learning, and beyond—understanding and reversing these disquieting trends and discriminatory practices is of utmost importance.



An original, surprising and, at times, disturbing account of bias on the internet, Algorithms of Oppression contributes to our understanding of how racism is created, maintained, and disseminated in the 21st century.




Safiya Noble discusses search engine bias in an interview with USC Annenberg School for Communication and Journalism

Safiya Umoja Noble is is Assistant Professor at the University of Southern California (USC) Annenberg School of Communication. Noble is the co-editor of two books, The Intersectional Internet: Race, Sex, Culture and Class Online and Emotions,
Technology & Design.

"As public information resources continue to be defunded, Noble asks us to think about the implications of our ever greater reliance on advertising companies “for information about people, cultures, ideas, and individuals”. Noble’s thesis is a new tune in the ever-louder chorus that, in light of the dominance of the big tech companies, is singing for “protections and attention that work in service of the public”.”—Cordelia Fine, Financial Times, 7th March 2018